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Original scientific paper
Early Renaissance in Ragusa (Dubrovnik)
Fulltext: pdf (129 KB),
Pages 127 - 146
In the period 1433 - 1443, Dubrovnik, just like the main cultural centers of Italy and Northern Europe, also experienced a clear Renaissance influence. After discussing political and economic changes which nurtured the cultural scene in Dubrovnik, the author presents the most prominent figures of the Early Ragusan Renaissance: Philippus de Diversis, the grammar school head-master and author of a very important description of Dubrovnik; Nicola de la Ciria and Johannes de Uguçonibus, Italian chancellors in the service of the Republic; Marinus de Resti, a diplomat; Johannes de Ragusio (Ivan Stojković), a prominent participant of the Council of Basel who succeeded in combining the scholastic way of thinking with the Renaissance philosophy; Johannes Gazulus, an astronomer; and Benedictus Cotrugli (Benedikt Kotruljević), a renowned author of the treatise on the perfect merchant. The author pays special attention to Ciriaco de Pizzicolli of Ancona who pioneered Renaissance archeology and epigraphy. During his stay in Dubrovnik, in 1443-1444, he authored two stone-cut inscriptions, one in the loggia of the Rector’s Palace, and the other on the fountain erected by the architect Onofrio della Cava. The inscriptions are important because they are the first examples of the ancient Roman style of monumental capitals in Renaissance epigraphy. The author has recently traced an autograph of the two aforementioned texts, together with Pizzicolli’s transcription of an ancient epigraphic monument from Cavtat, to the codex of the Ragusan Statute (version «C»). Comparative analysis of the newly found autograph and the final version of the inscription provide a more thorough reading and more comprehensive interpretation of this remarkable Renaissance text.