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Baranja is "tough nut". Records and popularisation analysis of traditional Baranja folk music
Puni tekst: pdf (2 MB),
Str. 181 - 207
The folklore of Baranja (music, dances and customs) is well known to Croatian cultured public. Folklore groups from Baranja frequently participate in festivals in Croatia including the International Folklore Festival in Zagreb.
This paper deals with folklore music and folklore amateurism and partly includes also traditional customs and dances. The results of the study have proved the following: most of what has been found so far refers only to a smaller part of Baranja, to the area populated by autochthonous Croats who are called "Šokci". This area consists of three parts: the Drava river basin, the Dunav river basin and "prekošumska" Baranja with the total of eleven towns and villages - there is no information, however, on any material or literature concerning other locations. This means that "folklore of Baranja" actually represents only traditional folklore of the ethnic group "Šokci".
The analysis of former studies and of the existing melographic material proves that even the traditional folklore of Baranja "Šokci" has not been given appropriate scientific consideration. Research (dating from 1936 to the 80 - ies) has not been systematic and the majority of melographic material is still in the form of manuscript so that it is not available to the publics. The only collection of Baranja folklore and music material "Oj, Baranja, lipa i bogata" with some 40 songs was published by J. Njikoš in 1987.
"Šokci" themselves have also promoted their cultural heritage with highly developed folklore amateurism (dating from before World War II) but they also collected and published material about it.
Although Baranja is temporarily occupied and population is in exile, research of its folklore will be continued.
Baranja; traditional music; folklore groups; Šokci
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