Journals by scientific areas
Original scientific paper
The Šubići of Bribir until the Loss of the Hereditary Position of the Croatian Ban (1322)
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The history of the Šubić kindred constitutes just one, albeit fairly exceptional, example of the development of a noble kindred in the medieval Kingdom of Hungary-Croatia. The curve of the development of kindred’s leading family reached its peak during the last decades of the thirteenth and the first decades of the fourteenth century. At that time they became almost independent rulers, concentrating in their hands offices and posts in the Croatian kingdom, dominating the surrounding areas of Bosnia and Hum, and participating actively in international politics. The article gives a historical sketch of the rise and fall of the Šubići and offers an overview of the political activities, loyalties and conflicts of its most important members, and the internal dissensions in the kindred, over about eleven generations, that is, some 220 years. It begins with the early references to the first župani and royal officers whose successors became known as the Šubići (Budec, Čerminik and Strezinja, from the end of the eleventh century), and proceeds through those great men of the twelfth and the early thirteenth centuries who were župani/counts and apparently heads of the Šubići, such as Bogdanac in the 1160s, Miroslav in the 1180s, Gregory I (ca. 1200-1234), and Stjepko (1235-1270), to the representatives of the aristocratic branch who achieved the greatest power and influence in Croatia, the bans Paul I (1270-1312) and Mladen II (1312-1322), as well as their brothers and collaborators/opponents. The article ends with the conflict of Ban Mladen with the king and the ensuing loss of the Šubići power over most of their territories.
Croatia, Dalmatia, the Middle Ages, social history, political history, nobility