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Original scientific paper
Evaluation of Proprioception by a Standard Instrument for Measurement of Cervical Spine Movement - Cervical Measurement System
Fulltext: pdf (588 KB),
Pages 335 - 341
Whiplash injury is one of the most common injuries in traffic accidents. Patients who suffer a whiplash injury may have sprain and partial rupture of cervical musculature, sprain of the esophagus and larynx, lesions of temporomandibular joints, or injury of proprioception receptors located in the neck. The aim of the study was to estimate whether subjects who had suffered a whiplash injury experienced loss of proprioception, which was defined as the ability of repetitive predetermined head positioning. The study included 60 patients (age range 20-50 years) with whiplash injury and 60 asymptomatic age- and sex-matched control subjects. The patient ability to accomplish a defined head position during rightward and leftward cervical spine rotation at 30° angle was assessed by repeat measurements using Cervical Measurement System three months after medical treatment. The study showed the patients who had sustained a whiplash injury to have statistically significantly poorer results as compared with control subjects (p>0.001). Results of the study support the hypothesis that subjects with whiplash injury have worse perception of the head position, which may pose a disturbing problem in their daily activities.
Cervical vertebral injuries; Neck pain - physiopathology; Posture; Whiplash injuries - physiopathology; Whiplash injuries - measurement; Accidents; Traffic