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On Consecrated Life in Patristics. The Overview of Historical Development and Spirituality
; Catholic Faculty of Theology, University of Split, Split, Croatia
Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (154 KB)
Bodrožić, I. (2015). O Bogu posvećenom životu u patristici. Prikaz povijesnoga razvoja i duhovnosti. Diacovensia : teološki prilozi, 23(4), 425-440. Preuzeto s http://hrcak.srce.hr/153289
In this three part paper, the author examines the development of consecrated life in the Early Church. First, he provides terminological explanations in order to highlight the similarities and differences between modern discourse on consecrated life and that from the period of the Church Fathers. Clear terminological distinction avoids possible confusion that may occur if we use the same terms that have completely different meanings. In the second chapter the author then gives a brief historical overview of the development of consecrated life by dividing it into three periods, on the basis of not only the church, but also on social circumstances. In the first period from the beginnings of the Church until the Edict of Milan, virginity develops as the most basic form of consecrated life. Then, during the transitional period in the 4th century, we have the development of anchoritism and cenobitism. And in the second half of the 4th century we see monastic life beginning to develop into a more ordered form of consecrated life. In the third part, the author examines certain elements of the spirituality of the consecrated life, showing the development of spirituality from consecrated virgins to the spirituality of monasticism. For the spirituality of life in virginity he indicates that it was a spiritual exercise of humility in the family, and at the service of the ecclesial community. Abstaining from marriage was in itself already a heroic asceticism, however we need to add also the renunciation of material goods, and the strengthening of one's own will, which was reinforced with the awareness of belonging to Christ. The spirituality of monasticism presupposed an escape from the world, and a readiness for a new form of martyrdom in relation to the world. Monastic spirituality was then the spirituality of communal living under common rules and a superior, and was regularly founded on reading and meditating on the Scripture. The author also points out that the spirituality of all forms of consecrated life was closely connected with the responsibility for the Church, and was imbued with the ecclesial responsibility.
Patristics; consecrated life; virginity; monasticism; monastic spirituality
Hrčak ID: 153289
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