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Diadora : glasilo Arheološkog muzeja u Zadru, Vol.29. No.29. Svibanj 2016.

Izvorni znanstveni članak

St. Peter the Old’s Church and Bianchi’s edicola S. Marina in Zadar

Pavuša Vežić ; Odjel za povijest umjetnosti Sveučilište u Zadru, Zadar, Hrvatska

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (13 MB) str. 151-170 preuzimanja: 44* citiraj
APA
Vežić, P. (2015). St. Peter the Old’s Church and Bianchi’s edicola S. Marina in Zadar. Diadora : glasilo Arheološkog muzeja u Zadru, 29.(29.), 151-170. Preuzeto s http://hrcak.srce.hr/162414
Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (13 MB) str. 151-170 preuzimanja: 74* citiraj
APA
Vežić, P. (2015). Crkva sv. Petra Starog i Bianchijeva edicola s. Marina u Zadru. Diadora : glasilo Arheološkog muzeja u Zadru, 29.(29.), 151-170. Preuzeto s http://hrcak.srce.hr/162414

Sažetak
In this paper the author discusses the St. Peter the Old’s Church in
Zadar. It is a small complex consisting of two chapels – the front
and the rear one. The fundamental excavations carried out from
1959 to 1963 showed that the front chapel was actually an early
Christian oratory. As regards the rear one, originally thought to
have been directly connected with the front one from the very
beginning, it seems it was built as a separate oratory. Built in Early
Middle Ages as a simple room with an elongated trapezoidal layout,
it was later adapted and turned into an inbuilt double-naved
and double-apsed space of an undivided architectural composition,
arched with cross vaults. It is characterized by the early Romanesque
architecture typical for the 11th-century churches in
Zadar and Dalmatia. In Middle Ages, the front oratory was used
as a chapel and the meeting place of the then Zadar builders’
guild, a fraternity dedicated to St. Mary (more precisely, to Annunziata – the cult of her Annunciation). It seems that the fraternity
connected the front and rear oratories in the 15th century,
while using the rear one as the chapel of Annunciation. However,
there are indications that the rear oratory – earlier separated –
was originally dedicated to the cult of St. Marina: a fragment of
the ciborium arcade with the name MARINA inscribed in it was
found in the complex of St. Peter the Old and C. I. Bianchi records
the mentioning of the edicola of St. Marina, located “next to the
old arsenal”. It is mentioned in a 1420 document. In the author’s
opinion, it could have been the rear oratory of the complex, dedicated
to Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary in the 15th century
and connected with the front oratory – the St. Peter the Old’s
Church – during the same period. However, in the 17th century, it
was dedicated to the cult of St. Andrew, the patron of the fishermen’s
and sailors’ guild. The edicola became its sacristy.

Ključne riječi
church; memorial church; aedicula; apse; trompe; vaults

Hrčak ID: 162414

URI
http://hrcak.srce.hr/162414

[hrvatski]

Posjeta: 218 *