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Teaching National and General History of Music at College Level and at the University of Zagreb
; HAZU, Razred za glazbenu umjetnost i muzikologiju, Zagreb, Croatia
Fulltext: croatian, pdf (252 KB)
Tuksar, S. (2017). Nastava nacionalne i opće povijesti glazbe na visokoškolskim ustanovama i na Sveučilištu u Zagrebu. Arti musices : hrvatski muzikološki zbornik, 48(1). doi:10.21857/90836cdjly
The teaching of music history at various colleges and at the University of Zagreb (founded in 1669, and renewed in 1874) started during the 1920s. However, its prehistory goes back to the 1890s: the first courses in music history were taught at the music school of the Narodni zemaljski glasbeni zavod (Institute of Music) from 1890 on, only to be continued later at the Croatian Conservatory (1916). With the Academy of Music (1922) music history began to be taught at university level as a main, compulsory subject, while at the Faculty of Humanities (in 1928-1938; 1981-1994), the Catholic Theological Faculty with its Institute for Church Music (probably since 1951), the Teacher’s College (since 1951) and Croatian Studies (since 1994), all within the University of Zagreb (to which the Academy of Music joined only in 1980), it was taught in the form of a mixture of obligatory and elective subjects. Among a number of more or less outstanding personalities who figured as teachers of music history, including composers, music theorists, conductors, organists, music critics, and expert music historians, mention should be made of the world-known musicologist Dragan Plamenac (who served as ‘Privatdozent’ at the Faculty of Humanities in 1928-1938 period) and of Josip Andreis, who taught Croatian and European music history in parallel at the Academy of Music from 1948 to 1972.
In 1970 a modern Department of Musicology was created replacing the old Historical Department, where the new generation of musicologists such as Ivan Supičić and Koraljka Kos introduced new international standards in teaching methods. Tutorial books and other necessary literature for students were at first written by domestic musicologists, so that, for example, from 1950s to 1990s J. Andreis was the author of influential books covering both history of Croatian music and the history of European music, used not only in Croatia but also throughout the former Yugoslavia. The present teaching staff for music history at the Department of Musicology of the Academy of Music consists of specialists for specific stylistic periods from the Middle Ages up to the 21st century, most of them partly educated at foreign universities (Vienna, Paris, Berlin, Hamburg, Erlangen, Köln, Freiburg) who use international pedagogical literature translated into Croatian for teaching European music history, while compiling various multi-authored collections of texts for teaching courses in national music history. In all, some forty or so teachers have been identified until now, who taught music history at five different schools, mostly within the frames of the University of Zagreb.
Finally, elements of some of the most important aspects regarding areas of music history, topics, methods and technical equipment used are briefly presented, and some perspectives on further investigation are offered.
general history of music; history of Croatian music; University of Zagreb; Academy of Music; Faculty of Humanities; Institute for Church Music; Croatian Studies; Teachers’ College; methods of teaching; technical equipment
Hrčak ID: 185334