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Urbarial Regulation, Cadastral Censuses and Size of Tenant-Peasant Plots on the Estate of Ribnik in the Eighteenth Century
; Hrvatski institut za povijest, Zagreb, Hrvatska
Puni tekst: pdf (360 KB),
Str. 165 - 194
Between 1770 and 1780 Queen Mary Therese started the process of urbarial regulation in Croatia and Slavonia. As a result of those reforms, the final Croatian Urbarium – a survey of tenant-peasant obligations and their regulations – was made and published in 1780. The Urbarium precisely established the obligations of the tenant-peasants towards the lords. Based on that general Urbarium, Urbaria were also made for each village of the Ribnik estate. For the use of that, regulations were also made for the cadastre census of every tenant-peasant plot. In this research the author analyses the amount and types of tenant-peasant plots on the Ribnik estate. As the result of this analysis, the author establishes the average size of a tenant-peasant plot. On average it had around 14 acres, consisting of the following types of land: arable land (60%), forests and undergrowth (17%), pasture grounds (15%), private plots (6%) and vineyards (2%). Data on the size and type of the tenant-peasant land indicate three main problems: fragmentation of the land plots cultivated by the tenant-peasant, and dislocation of those same plots, and finally a disproportion in the size of the tenant-peasant plots. At the end of the Urbarium of each tenant-peasants’ village of the Ribnik estate there were urbarial tables in which all tenant-peasants’ obligations to their landlords were listed. Also, the research gives the total amount of income from the daća (share-cropping) and the total amount of the tlaka (tenant-peasants’ corvée labour), on the Ribnik estate. The research is a part of wider research into economic and agricultural history, and the history of tenant-peasant obligations in Croatia in the eighteenth century.
Urbarium; urbarial table; tenant-peasants’ plot; cadastre; the Ribnik estate; Count Adam Petazzi; Mary Therese; the eighteenth century
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