Časopisi po područjima
Communicable Diseases in Croatia in 2008
; Hrvatski zavod za javno zdravstvo, Zagreb, Hrvatska
Puni tekst: pdf (100 KB),
Str. 57 - 64
An overview of the epidemiological situation in Croatia in 2008 is presented based on national communicable diseases notification network, outbreak reporting network and vaccination coverage surveillance network of the Epidemiology Service of the Croatian National Institute of Public Health. The epidemiological situation in Croatia in 2008 was assessed as rather favorable. Diseases included in the national mass immunization program are low in the incidence rate or practically eliminated such as intestinal diseases typical for low hygiene and living standard. The incidence rate of tuberculosis decreased to 22,9 o/ooo, and continues to decrease. Twenty three years after the first recorded cases, the AIDS incidence is still low, among the lowest in Europe. Classical sexually transmitted diseases, gonorrhoea, syphilis are under control, showing low incidence. Public water supply is safe and under constant surveillance, without a single epidemic recorded in 2008. Industrial food preparation is also safe, without reported epidemics in 2008. However, epidemiological situation is also assessed as potentially unstable, owing to certain potentially risky factors such as locally insufficient sanitation especially regarding waste disposal, still present war damages, significant postwar migrations, economic, tourist, etc. as well as global increased risk of emerging diseases for instance, pandemic flu etc. Further systematic activities on the implementation of all preventive and control measures is essential in order to maintain and improve current favorable situation, which makes Croatia fully comparable to developed countries. Morbidity and mortality data are the best indicators of the quality and successful work against infectious diseases. Presented objective data on morbidity, mortality and lethality confirm that our system was highly efficient. Therefore, it should be maintained and improved in accordance with future global advancements.
communicable diseases; surveillance; Croatia
Registracija novih korisnika
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