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Križevci during ‘the spring of nations’ 1848-
Puni tekst: pdf (422 KB),
Str. 39 - 57
The paper gives speciﬁc information on the town and its surroundings during the Revival of
1848-1849 in the ‘triune’ kingdom of Croatia, Slavonia and Dalmatia. The revolution raised strong national, social and military actions and brought to light the forces hindering the process of change. The city of Križevci and the whole county with their powerful ‘Illyrian circle’ were signiﬁcant factors in the Croatian National Move- ment 1848/49. There existed two political fractions with different approach to revolutionary changes. One, so called ‘ national- bourgeois’ wanted to get favourable terms for peasants and farmers after abolishing serf system and asked for greater
democratization of political system. The other fraction was more conservative, hoping that ar- istocracy and members of ‘gašparievacah’ would lose as little as possible of their privileges. Further in the text are described military preparations for the ﬁght against the Hungarians and Hungarian expansion in Križevci and the county.
The work cites a letter from the Drava cor- don written by Ljudevit Vukotinović, well-known Illyrian, ‘mayor of the national guard’. Despite the collapse of Croatian political movement, the
very town of Križevci and the county were equal with other participants of the spring of nations thus encouraging a stronger national and political integration of the people in the region. The pow- erful ‘Illyrian circle’ of local writers and patriots played an important role even outside the county through articles and comments in contemporary newspapers Slavenski jug, Novine dalmatinsko- hervatsko-slavonske and by contributing to devel- opment of Croatian political ideas led mostly by Ljudevit Vukotinović.
‘spring of nations’; 1848-1849; revolution; ‘national demands; Križevci; national guards; national integration
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