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Some Labour and Social Questions in the European Union Port Sector
; Luka Koper, Slovenija
Puni tekst: pdf (418 KB),
In the nineteen nineties the port sector experienced considerable transformation. The common point of this transformation is liberalisation of access to the market of port services. This event has touched all stakeholders in ports, one of them are also dock workers. O�ne of the main questions which accompanied the liberalisation of access to the market of port services was whether different organising of dock workers with the intent to protect their labour and social rights is not contrary to the European Treaty and other EU competition laws. The answer to this question is negative due to the fact they do not constitute an undertaking in conformity to the provisions of EC Treaty, and therefore, they cannot be a subject of its competition provisions. Although the labour and social status of dock workers is quite complex matter there is no special legislation to regulate it. In this respect the EC Treaty and general EU legislation regarding labour and social area shall be respected. There were some attempts to adopt special legislation for the market of port services which contained also provisions regarding the labour and social status of dock workers, however, all these attempts failed. The last EU’s document in the area of the market of port services is Communication on the European Ports Policy. It contains also some topics regarding the labour and social status of dock workers, for which is recommendable to be respected by EU member states and joining states in their creation of labour and social policy for dock workers.
Dock worker; Labour pool; Port sector; Port Service Directive;
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