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The Force of Law: Genetic Data Protection in Central and Eastern Europe
; Central European University’s (CEU), Center for Ethics and Law in Biomedicine, Nador u. 9., H-1051 Budapest, Hungary
Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (494 KB)
Bard, P. (2010). The Force of Law: Genetic Data Protection in Central and Eastern Europe. JAHR, 1(1), 95-112. Preuzeto s http://hrcak.srce.hr/58774
During the past decade the collection and processing of human biological samples and that of related data gained an increasingly important role in both medical research and the forensic field. Th e European Union legislator tried to keep up with this phenomenon, and attempted to reconcile freedom of research in the classical biobank context and the principle of availability in the criminal context with European Union-wide data protection safeguards. In the lack of a sufficiently homogeneous legal framework European jurisdictions greatly differ in regulating the protection of genetic data. Two main country groups can be identified: Member States can be grouped along the question whether they have or do not have specific biobank laws. In countries that do have such laws, comparison is easier, and they are following international standards. Whenever such specific laws are lacking, not only the identification of the respective legal rules, but also their comparison is difficult, since the interpretation of these vague and more general laws is left to the stakeholders, law enforcement agencies, and finally to the judiciary. Since in this latter group of countries however relevant judicial cases are very rare, the interpretation of the codes and other comprehensive laws happens on an ad hoc basis, and remains invisible. Th e differing legal and ethical issues concerning patients’ data in the classical context, and suspects’, convicts’, victims’ and other persons’ data protection in a forensic context will be addressed in light of the 2003 International Declaration on Human Genetic Data. Actual examples from Central European jurisdictions will highlight the related theoretical and practical problems both in terms of bioethical research and forensic sciences on the one hand and data protection and privacy on the other.
Biobanks; genebanks; data protection; forensic genetics; Central and Eastern Europe
Hrčak ID: 58774
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