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Original scientific paper

On the Ustasha Emigrants’ Plans from 1934 to Introduce the Kuna as Official Currency

Krunoslav Mikulan ; Zagreb University, Zagreb, CRO

Fulltext: english, pdf (153 KB) pages 137-137 downloads: 80* cite
APA 6th Edition
Mikulan, K. (2015). On the Ustasha Emigrants’ Plans from 1934 to Introduce the Kuna as Official Currency. Numizmatičke Vijesti, 57 (68), 137-137. Retrieved from https://hrcak.srce.hr/164310
MLA 8th Edition
Mikulan, Krunoslav. "On the Ustasha Emigrants’ Plans from 1934 to Introduce the Kuna as Official Currency." Numizmatičke Vijesti, vol. 57, no. 68, 2015, pp. 137-137. https://hrcak.srce.hr/164310. Accessed 13 May 2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Mikulan, Krunoslav. "On the Ustasha Emigrants’ Plans from 1934 to Introduce the Kuna as Official Currency." Numizmatičke Vijesti 57, no. 68 (2015): 137-137. https://hrcak.srce.hr/164310
Harvard
Mikulan, K. (2015). 'On the Ustasha Emigrants’ Plans from 1934 to Introduce the Kuna as Official Currency', Numizmatičke Vijesti, 57(68), pp. 137-137. Available at: https://hrcak.srce.hr/164310 (Accessed 13 May 2021)
Vancouver
Mikulan K. On the Ustasha Emigrants’ Plans from 1934 to Introduce the Kuna as Official Currency. Numizmatičke Vijesti [Internet]. 2015 [cited 2021 May 13];57(68):137-137. Available from: https://hrcak.srce.hr/164310
IEEE
K. Mikulan, "On the Ustasha Emigrants’ Plans from 1934 to Introduce the Kuna as Official Currency", Numizmatičke Vijesti, vol.57, no. 68, pp. 137-137, 2015. [Online]. Available: https://hrcak.srce.hr/164310. [Accessed: 13 May 2021]
Fulltext: croatian, pdf (262 KB) pages 131-137 downloads: 478* cite
APA 6th Edition
Mikulan, K. (2015). O planiranom uvođenju kune kao službene valute u ustaškoj emigraciji 1934. godine. Numizmatičke Vijesti, 57 (68), 131-137. Retrieved from https://hrcak.srce.hr/164310
MLA 8th Edition
Mikulan, Krunoslav. "O planiranom uvođenju kune kao službene valute u ustaškoj emigraciji 1934. godine." Numizmatičke Vijesti, vol. 57, no. 68, 2015, pp. 131-137. https://hrcak.srce.hr/164310. Accessed 13 May 2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Mikulan, Krunoslav. "O planiranom uvođenju kune kao službene valute u ustaškoj emigraciji 1934. godine." Numizmatičke Vijesti 57, no. 68 (2015): 131-137. https://hrcak.srce.hr/164310
Harvard
Mikulan, K. (2015). 'O planiranom uvođenju kune kao službene valute u ustaškoj emigraciji 1934. godine', Numizmatičke Vijesti, 57(68), pp. 131-137. Available at: https://hrcak.srce.hr/164310 (Accessed 13 May 2021)
Vancouver
Mikulan K. O planiranom uvođenju kune kao službene valute u ustaškoj emigraciji 1934. godine. Numizmatičke Vijesti [Internet]. 2015 [cited 2021 May 13];57(68):131-137. Available from: https://hrcak.srce.hr/164310
IEEE
K. Mikulan, "O planiranom uvođenju kune kao službene valute u ustaškoj emigraciji 1934. godine", Numizmatičke Vijesti, vol.57, no. 68, pp. 131-137, 2015. [Online]. Available: https://hrcak.srce.hr/164310. [Accessed: 13 May 2021]

Abstracts
Writers about the 5 kuna silver coin, minted in 1934, drew different conclusions,
some of them contradictory. The original documents kept in Belgrade, accessible on
microfilm in the Croatian State Archives, shed light on many details of the activities of
the Ustasha Movement in Italy aimed at actually introducing the “kuna” monetary unit
(which was to be divided in 100 “banicas”). The Ustasha Headquarters published provisions
in 1934 about the reasons for introducing the above names. These provisions also
described the 5 kuna coin, brought a list of exchange rates with the main world currencies
of the time, and laid down the exact pay in kunas for officials, priests and military
and administrative officers. The conclusion is that the coins really had been minted in
1934, not to commemorate the assassination of King Aleksandar but as the first step
towards introducing the new currency, first among members of the Ustasha Movement
and then, in the as yet undefined future, in Croatia itself. On the other hand, documents
confirm that no purchases or sales were made using this money and, despite the detailed
instructions, salaries were not in fact paid in kunas, but members of the Ustasha
Movement bought the coins as souvenirs. The further production of kunas and banicas
was prevented by Italy’s reaction to the assassination of King Aleksandar, when Ante
Pavelić was interned and later the activities of the whole Ustasha organisation banned.

Hrčak ID: 164310

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/164310

[croatian]

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