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Original scientific paper
https://doi.org/10.1515/aiht-2016-67-2910

An alternative approach to studying the effects of ZnO nanoparticles in cultured human lymphocytes: combining electrochemistry and genotoxicity tests

Gina Branica ; Radiation Protection Unit, Institute for Medical Research and Occupational Health, Zagreb, Croatia
Marin Mladinić ; Mutagenesis Unit, Institute for Medical Research and Occupational Health, Zagreb, Croatia
Dario Omanović ; Division for Marine and Environmental Research, Laboratory for Physical Chemistry of Traces, Ruđer Bošković Institute, Zagreb, Croatia
Davor Želježić ; Mutagenesis Unit, Institute for Medical Research and Occupational Health, Zagreb, Croatia

Fulltext: english, pdf (683 KB) pages 277-288 downloads: 476* cite
APA 6th Edition
Branica, G., Mladinić, M., Omanović, D. & Želježić, D. (2016). An alternative approach to studying the effects of ZnO nanoparticles in cultured human lymphocytes: combining electrochemistry and genotoxicity tests. Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju, 67 (4), 277-288. https://doi.org/10.1515/aiht-2016-67-2910
MLA 8th Edition
Branica, Gina, et al. "An alternative approach to studying the effects of ZnO nanoparticles in cultured human lymphocytes: combining electrochemistry and genotoxicity tests." Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju, vol. 67, no. 4, 2016, pp. 277-288. https://doi.org/10.1515/aiht-2016-67-2910. Accessed 22 Sep. 2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Branica, Gina, Marin Mladinić, Dario Omanović and Davor Želježić. "An alternative approach to studying the effects of ZnO nanoparticles in cultured human lymphocytes: combining electrochemistry and genotoxicity tests." Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju 67, no. 4 (2016): 277-288. https://doi.org/10.1515/aiht-2016-67-2910
Harvard
Branica, G., et al. (2016). 'An alternative approach to studying the effects of ZnO nanoparticles in cultured human lymphocytes: combining electrochemistry and genotoxicity tests', Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju, 67(4), pp. 277-288. https://doi.org/10.1515/aiht-2016-67-2910
Vancouver
Branica G, Mladinić M, Omanović D, Želježić D. An alternative approach to studying the effects of ZnO nanoparticles in cultured human lymphocytes: combining electrochemistry and genotoxicity tests. Arh Hig Rada Toksikol. [Internet]. 2016 [cited 2021 September 22];67(4):277-288. https://doi.org/10.1515/aiht-2016-67-2910
IEEE
G. Branica, M. Mladinić, D. Omanović and D. Želježić, "An alternative approach to studying the effects of ZnO nanoparticles in cultured human lymphocytes: combining electrochemistry and genotoxicity tests", Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju, vol.67, no. 4, pp. 277-288, 2016. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.1515/aiht-2016-67-2910

Abstracts
Nanoparticle use has increased radically raising concern about possible adverse effects in humans. Zinc oxide nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) are among the most common nanomaterials in consumer and medical products. Several studies indicate problems with their safe use. The aim of our study was to see at which levels ZnO NPs start to produce adverse cytogenetic effects in human lymphocytes as an early attempt toward establishing safety limits for ZnO NP exposure in humans. We assessed the genotoxic effects of low ZnO NP concentrations (1.0, 2.5, 5, and 7.5 μg mL-1) in lymphocyte cultures over 14 days of exposure. We also tested whether low and high-density lymphocytes differed in their ability to accumulate ZnO NPs in these experimental conditions. Primary DNA damage (measured with the alkaline comet assay) increased with nanoparticle concentration in unseparated and high density lymphocytes. The same happened with the fragmentation of TP53 (measured with the comet-FISH). Nanoparticle accumulation was significant only with the two highest concentrations, regardless of lymphocyte density. High-density lymphocytes had significantly more intracellular Zn2+ than light-density ones. Our results suggest that exposure to ZnO NPs in concentrations above 5 μg mL-1 increases cytogenetic damage and intracellular Zn2+ levels in lymphocytes.

Keywords
comet-FISH, in vitro; primary DNA damage; TP53; voltammetry

Hrčak ID: 170509

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/170509

[croatian]

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