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https://doi.org/10.31337/oz.74.2.2

Higher–Order Thought and the Problem of Shifting Subjectivity

Madhu Mangal Chaturvedi   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0003-3884-4244 ; School of Philosophy & Culture, Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences, Shri Mata Vaishno Devi University, J & K, India
A. V. Ravishankar Sarma Ravishankar Sarma   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0003-3366-1211 ; Department of Humanities and Social Sciences Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Kanpur, India

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (237 KB) str. 161-178 preuzimanja: 72* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Mangal Chaturvedi, M. i Ravishankar Sarma, A.V.R.S. (2019). Higher–Order Thought and the Problem of Shifting Subjectivity. Obnovljeni život, 74. (2.), 161-178. https://doi.org/10.31337/oz.74.2.2
MLA 8th Edition
Mangal Chaturvedi, Madhu i A. V. Ravishankar Sarma Ravishankar Sarma. "Higher–Order Thought and the Problem of Shifting Subjectivity." Obnovljeni život, vol. 74., br. 2., 2019, str. 161-178. https://doi.org/10.31337/oz.74.2.2. Citirano 19.11.2019.
Chicago 17th Edition
Mangal Chaturvedi, Madhu i A. V. Ravishankar Sarma Ravishankar Sarma. "Higher–Order Thought and the Problem of Shifting Subjectivity." Obnovljeni život 74., br. 2. (2019): 161-178. https://doi.org/10.31337/oz.74.2.2
Harvard
Mangal Chaturvedi, M., i Ravishankar Sarma, A.V.R.S. (2019). 'Higher–Order Thought and the Problem of Shifting Subjectivity', Obnovljeni život, 74.(2.), str. 161-178. https://doi.org/10.31337/oz.74.2.2
Vancouver
Mangal Chaturvedi M, Ravishankar Sarma AVRS. Higher–Order Thought and the Problem of Shifting Subjectivity. Obnovljeni život [Internet]. 2019 [pristupljeno 19.11.2019.];74.(2.):161-178. https://doi.org/10.31337/oz.74.2.2
IEEE
M. Mangal Chaturvedi i A.V.R.S. Ravishankar Sarma, "Higher–Order Thought and the Problem of Shifting Subjectivity", Obnovljeni život, vol.74., br. 2., str. 161-178, 2019. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.31337/oz.74.2.2

Sažetak
In this paper, we argue that the two versions of the higher–order thought theory of consciousness, viz. Rosenthal’s extrinsic higher–order thought and Gennaro’s intrinsic higher–order thought, fail to explain the subjective character of a conscious mental state. Both these theories face what we call the problem of shifting subjectivity. Since these theories explain the consciousness of mental states in terms of a representational relation between two unconscious mental states with the help of a two–tiered representational structure divided into a higher–order thought and a lower–order mental state (which is the target of the higher–order thought), they fail to explain the subjective character of conscious mental states, which is intrinsic to them. In their account, the subjective character intrinsic to conscious mental states seems to shift from the target state to the higher–order mental state, which is separate from the target state. The objection is strong against Rosenthal’s extrinsic higher–order thought theory, which clearly makes a distinction between a world–directed mental state and the higher–order thought representing it. However, although Gennaro’s intrinsic higher–order thought theory is an attempt to preserve the intuition that consciousness is intrinsic to conscious mental states, it faces the problem of shifting subjectivity in the case of introspective consciousness.

Ključne riječi
consciousness; subjectivity; transitivity principle; HOT; EHOT; IHOT; introspection

Hrčak ID: 219960

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/219960

[hrvatski]

Posjeta: 164 *