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https://doi.org/10.17508/CJFST.2020.12.1.14

Polyphenol content, profile, and distribution in old, traditional apple varieties

LIDIJA JAKOBEK   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0002-4846-327X ; Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, Faculty of Food Technology Osijek, Department of Applied Chemistry and Ecology, Franje Kuhača 20, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
JOZO IŠTUK ; Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, Faculty of Food Technology Osijek, Department of Applied Chemistry and Ecology, Franje Kuhača 20, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
IVANA BULJETA ; Josip Juraj Strossmayer University of Osijek, Faculty of Food Technology Osijek, Department of Applied Chemistry and Ecology, Franje Kuhača 20, 31000 Osijek, Croatia
SANDRA VOĆA ; University of Zagreb, Faculty of Agriculture, Svetošimunska cesta 25, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
JANA ŠIC ŽLABUR ; University of Zagreb, Faculty of Agriculture, Svetošimunska cesta 25, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
JASMIN LESIČAR ; University of Zagreb, Faculty of Agriculture, Svetošimunska cesta 25, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
Martina Skendrović Babojelić ; University of Zagreb, Faculty of Agriculture, Svetošimunska cesta 25, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (1 MB) str. 110-117 preuzimanja: 188* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
JAKOBEK, L., IŠTUK, J., BULJETA, I., VOĆA, S., ŠIC ŽLABUR, J., LESIČAR, J. i Skendrović Babojelić, M. (2020). Polyphenol content, profile, and distribution in old, traditional apple varieties. Croatian journal of food science and technology, 12 (1), 110-117. https://doi.org/10.17508/CJFST.2020.12.1.14
MLA 8th Edition
JAKOBEK, LIDIJA, et al. "Polyphenol content, profile, and distribution in old, traditional apple varieties." Croatian journal of food science and technology, vol. 12, br. 1, 2020, str. 110-117. https://doi.org/10.17508/CJFST.2020.12.1.14. Citirano 30.11.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
JAKOBEK, LIDIJA, JOZO IŠTUK, IVANA BULJETA, SANDRA VOĆA, JANA ŠIC ŽLABUR, JASMIN LESIČAR i Martina Skendrović Babojelić. "Polyphenol content, profile, and distribution in old, traditional apple varieties." Croatian journal of food science and technology 12, br. 1 (2020): 110-117. https://doi.org/10.17508/CJFST.2020.12.1.14
Harvard
JAKOBEK, L., et al. (2020). 'Polyphenol content, profile, and distribution in old, traditional apple varieties', Croatian journal of food science and technology, 12(1), str. 110-117. https://doi.org/10.17508/CJFST.2020.12.1.14
Vancouver
JAKOBEK L, IŠTUK J, BULJETA I, VOĆA S, ŠIC ŽLABUR J, LESIČAR J i sur. Polyphenol content, profile, and distribution in old, traditional apple varieties. Croatian journal of food science and technology [Internet]. 2020 [pristupljeno 30.11.2021.];12(1):110-117. https://doi.org/10.17508/CJFST.2020.12.1.14
IEEE
L. JAKOBEK, et al., "Polyphenol content, profile, and distribution in old, traditional apple varieties", Croatian journal of food science and technology, vol.12, br. 1, str. 110-117, 2020. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.17508/CJFST.2020.12.1.14

Sažetak
Apples are an important source of polyphenols in the human diet. They have also shown many potentially beneficial effects on human health. Old, traditional apple varieties grown in the past could also be valuable varieties but little is known about their polyphenolic compounds and characteristics in general. The aim of this study was to collect 25 old, traditional apple varieties, to determine their polyphenolic profile and the amounts of total polyphenols in the peel and flesh, and to compare them with a commercial variety. To the best of our knowledge, some of those varieties have never been studied before ('Mašanka', 'Bobovac', 'Batulenka', 'Krastavka'). Total polyphenols were determined by using the Folin-Ciocalteu method and individual polyphenol identification was done by using an RP-HPLC. The flesh contained 170 to 941 mg kg-1 fresh weight (FW) of total polyphenols, and the peel contained 931 to 3791 mg kg-1 FW. In comparison to the commercial variety, the peel of all old varieties had higher polyphenol content, while the flesh of only some old varieties was richer in polyphenols. Principal component analysis showed possible clustering. Eighteen individual polyphenols were distributed in apple peel and flesh. The dominant polyphenol subgroups in the peel were flavonols (18 to 80 %) and flavan-3-ols (6 to 66 %), and in the flesh those subgroups were phenolic acids (41 to 85 %) and flavan-3-ols (3-49 %).

Ključne riječi
UV/Vis spectrum; flavonols; flavan-3-ols; phenolic acids; anthocyanins; dihydrochalcones

Hrčak ID: 238580

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/238580

Posjeta: 417 *