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Original scientific paper

Beyond Shovel-Shaped Incisors: Neandertal Dental Morphology in a Comparative Context

SHARA BAILEY ; Department of Anthropology, New York University, and Department of Human Evolution, The Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig

Fulltext: english, pdf (182 KB) pages 253-267 downloads: 1.297* cite
APA 6th Edition
BAILEY, S. (2006). Beyond Shovel-Shaped Incisors: Neandertal Dental Morphology in a Comparative Context. Periodicum biologorum, 108 (3), 253-267. Retrieved from https://hrcak.srce.hr/83097
MLA 8th Edition
BAILEY, SHARA. "Beyond Shovel-Shaped Incisors: Neandertal Dental Morphology in a Comparative Context." Periodicum biologorum, vol. 108, no. 3, 2006, pp. 253-267. https://hrcak.srce.hr/83097. Accessed 29 Sep. 2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
BAILEY, SHARA. "Beyond Shovel-Shaped Incisors: Neandertal Dental Morphology in a Comparative Context." Periodicum biologorum 108, no. 3 (2006): 253-267. https://hrcak.srce.hr/83097
Harvard
BAILEY, S. (2006). 'Beyond Shovel-Shaped Incisors: Neandertal Dental Morphology in a Comparative Context', Periodicum biologorum, 108(3), pp. 253-267. Available at: https://hrcak.srce.hr/83097 (Accessed 29 September 2020)
Vancouver
BAILEY S. Beyond Shovel-Shaped Incisors: Neandertal Dental Morphology in a Comparative Context. Periodicum biologorum [Internet]. 2006 [cited 2020 September 29];108(3):253-267. Available from: https://hrcak.srce.hr/83097
IEEE
S. BAILEY, "Beyond Shovel-Shaped Incisors: Neandertal Dental Morphology in a Comparative Context", Periodicum biologorum, vol.108, no. 3, pp. 253-267, 2006. [Online]. Available: https://hrcak.srce.hr/83097. [Accessed: 29 September 2020]

Abstracts
Most research on Neandertal teeth has focused on shovel shaped incisors and/or taurodont molars. In the past 15 years there has been a renewed interested in Neandertal dental morphology, especially with regard to how they compare to recent and fossil modern humans. However, no complete description of Neandertal dental morphology has been published since the mid-1950s. Many more Neandertals and other fossil hominins have been discovered since then and are available for a comparative study. This paper
provides a description of Neandertal dental morphology and places that morphology in a comparative fossil hominin context. It differs from previous work by focusing on fossil hominin variation (as opposed to contemporary modern human variation) and provides a comparative baseline in which Neandertal dental morphology can be assessed. The four comparative samples include European and West Asian Neandertals, European non-Neandertal archaics, South African/West Asian early modern humans and European early modern humans (e.g., Upper Paleolithic). A mean measure of divergence analysis shows that Neandertals are significantly different
from early modern human groups, being four times more divergent
from Afro-Asian and European early modern human samples than the
early modern human samples are from each other. Moreover, Neandertals are more divergent from early modern Europeans than they are from the early modern Afro-Asians. Contrary to the results of a previous study they are significantly divergent from non-Neandertal archaics. The implications for these results are discussed.

Keywords
teeth; multivariate analysis; fossil hominins; Africa; West Asia; Europe; H. heidelbergeneis; H. sapiens; Introduction

Hrčak ID: 83097

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/83097

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