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Original scientific paper

Language as a political issue: The case of language of command in the Austro-Hungarian ar-my

Livia Kardum ; University College of International Relations and Diplomacy in Zagreb
Bruno Korea Gajski ; University College of International Relations and Diplomacy in Zagreb

Fulltext: english, pdf (135 KB) pages 351-371 downloads: 2.318* cite
APA 6th Edition
Kardum, L. & Korea Gajski, B. (2012). Language as a political issue: The case of language of command in the Austro-Hungarian ar-my. Jezikoslovlje, 13 (2), 351-371. Retrieved from https://hrcak.srce.hr/91466
MLA 8th Edition
Kardum, Livia and Bruno Korea Gajski. "Language as a political issue: The case of language of command in the Austro-Hungarian ar-my." Jezikoslovlje, vol. 13, no. 2, 2012, pp. 351-371. https://hrcak.srce.hr/91466. Accessed 23 Oct. 2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Kardum, Livia and Bruno Korea Gajski. "Language as a political issue: The case of language of command in the Austro-Hungarian ar-my." Jezikoslovlje 13, no. 2 (2012): 351-371. https://hrcak.srce.hr/91466
Harvard
Kardum, L., and Korea Gajski, B. (2012). 'Language as a political issue: The case of language of command in the Austro-Hungarian ar-my', Jezikoslovlje, 13(2), pp. 351-371. Available at: https://hrcak.srce.hr/91466 (Accessed 23 October 2021)
Vancouver
Kardum L, Korea Gajski B. Language as a political issue: The case of language of command in the Austro-Hungarian ar-my. Jezikoslovlje [Internet]. 2012 [cited 2021 October 23];13(2):351-371. Available from: https://hrcak.srce.hr/91466
IEEE
L. Kardum and B. Korea Gajski, "Language as a political issue: The case of language of command in the Austro-Hungarian ar-my", Jezikoslovlje, vol.13, no. 2, pp. 351-371, 2012. [Online]. Available: https://hrcak.srce.hr/91466. [Accessed: 23 October 2021]

Abstracts
The paper shows the political crisis of dualism in a multinational Austro-Hungary that was in-itiated by the political opposition of the Magyar magnates in the Hungarian Parliament. It was initiated by the large land owners-magnates with the claim to introduce the Magyar language as the language of command within the Hungarian army. The claim implicated the split of the united army and dispute of the joint chief commander, the Emperor Francis Joseph. The issue of the Magyar language was, for this reason, primarily a political question that subsequently meant the further weakening of political ties with the western half of the Monarchy until the complete separation of Hungary. The Emperor opposed this, announcing a new electoral law that would put an end to the dominance of the Magyar minority over the non-Magyar majority in Hungary. He was supported by the Liberal party headed by István Tisza, who was correct in his assessment that dualism primarily protected the Magyar interests in Hungary. The fear of the new electoral law sobered the Magyar nationalists and they gave upon the idea of revis-ing the Austrian-Hungarian Ausgleich. The Emperor subsequently gave up the implementa-tion of the law on the general right to vote in Hungary, led by direct political interests, despite the fact that a law like this, under favorable political circumstances which unfortunately were not present, could have become the future foundation – and not the eventual destruction – of the protection of the Monarchy.

Keywords
Austro-Hungarian Ausgleich; Emperor Francis Joseph; István Tisza; Austro-Hungarian army; language of command in Austro-Hungarian army; electoral law in Hungary

Hrčak ID: 91466

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/91466

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