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eng COMPARISON OF WISCONSIN CARD SORTING TEST RESULTS BETWEEN CZECH SUBJECTS DEPENDENT ON METHAMPHETAMINE VERSUS HEALTHY VOLUNTEERS
Hosak, Ladislav; Preiss, Marek; Bazant, Jan; Tibenska, Andrea; Cermakova, Radka; Cermakova, Eva
Psychiatria Danubina Vol. 24., No. 2., 2012
Background: Methamphetamine is a neurotoxic agent. Its chronic abuse may result in cognitive impairment with negative consequences for patients´ treatment and rehabilitation. The aim of the study was to compare Wisconsin Card Sorting Test profiles of Czech subjects dependent on methamphetamine with healthy individuals. Subjects and methods: Forty-three hospitalized Czech Caucasian patients including twenty-seven men at the average age of 25.3±5.2 years dependent on methamphetamine for 6.2±3.3 years were assessed by the Wisconsin Card Sortin...
Hrčak ID: 106222
eng COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT AND GENERAL ANAESTHESIA Case report
Presečki, Paola; Mihanović, Mate; Mimica, Ninoslav
Psychiatria Danubina Vol. 22, No. 2, 2010
Degeneration of cholinergic receptors causes memory disorders and irreversible impairment in cognitive functions, whose advancement can lead to clinically recognizable Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Very often, the first symptoms of AD are mood swings and hence depression should be excluded by differential diagnosis since it can also cause memory disorders and cognitive deficits. Due to the characteristic clinical picture of AD, its diagnosis should not be a problem, except at the very beginning of the disease. Many AD patients are never diagnosed a...
Hrčak ID: 55888
eng PERIPHERAL 8-ISO-PGF2α AS A BIOMARKER IN BOSNIAN PATIENTS WITH ALZHEIMER’S DISEASE AND VASCULAR DEMENTIA
Lepara, Orhan; Zaciragic, Asija; Fajkic, Almir; Dzubur Kulenovic, Alma; Dervisevic, Amela; Valjevac, Amina; Kiseljakovic, Emina; Ibragic, Saida
Psychiatria Danubina Vol. 32, No. 3-4, 2020
Background: Cerebrospinal levels of isoprostanes (IsoPs) have been established as biomarkers of oxidative stress in Alzheimer’s disease (AD) and vascular dementia (VD). The value of peripheral levels in the diagnostics of these diseases is less conclusive. The aim of this study was to determine serum 8-iso-prostaglandin-F2alpha (8-iso-PGF2α) levels in Bosnian AD and VD patients and to establish whether there is an association between 8-iso-PGF2α serum concentration and cognitive impairment (CI) in patients with dementia. Subjects and methods:...
Hrčak ID: 250745
eng REVERSIBLE MILD COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT - A CASE REPORT
Seshadri, Madhavan; Mazi-Kotwal, Nadeem; Agius, Mark
Psychiatria Danubina Vol. 25, No. suppl 2, 2013
With an increased general practitioner and public awareness, patients are being referred on to Memory Clinics earlier and Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) is often a conclusion of the assessment. The function of memory clinics is to facilitate early and accurate diagnosis of dementia and its management. Mild Cognitive Impairment is an organic condition which in significant proportion of cases, progresses to Dementia. In Bedfordshire and Luton, patients with MCI are followed up at nine months to yearly intervals and detailed neuropsychologica...
Hrčak ID: 266768
eng Cognitive impairment prediction in patients with hypertension with Pulse Wave Velocity and arterial stiffness measurement
Vamsi, Varahabhatla; Venkat Ratnam, Aitham; Sikorska, Marina; Gritsayc, Ganna; Prkacin, Ingrid
Liječnički vjesnik Vol. 141, No. suppl.1, 2019
INTRODUCTION The blood supply of the brain gradually reduces with ongoing age, the cerebral cortex undergoes atrophy, causes cognitive inhibition converting to vascular dementia and Alzheimer’s in later stages. The relation between cognitive impairment (CI) and high blood pressure has been long studied in elderly patients, necessitating for further research and evidence on this topic. AIM To study the parameters of arterial stiffness (AS): central blood pressure (CBP), pulse wave velocity (PWV) in patients with hypertension and determine it’s...
Hrčak ID: 225532
eng CONSCIOUS ATTENTION DEFECT AND INHIBITORY CONTROL DEFICIT IN PARKINSON’S DISEASE-MILD COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT: A COMPARISON STUDY WITH AMNESTIC MILD COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT MULTIPLE DOMAIN
Cammisuli, Davide Maria; Timpano Sportiello, Marco
Psychiatria Danubina Vol. 29, No. 4, 2017
Background: Frontal/executive dysfunction commonly occurs in Parkinson's disease - Mild Cognitive Impairment (PD-MCI patients). However, to date, the number of studies comparing PD-MCI and MCI patients of other etiologies are too small. The present study aims at clarifying the attention/working memory and executive dysfunction of PD-MCI patients in comparison to amnestic MCI multiple domain patients with first extended then abbreviated structural brain changes suggesting preclinical Alzheimer’s Disease. Subjects and methods: 40 PD-MCI patients...
Hrčak ID: 190602
eng THE OVERLAP OF COGNITIVE IMPAIRMENT IN DEPRESSION AND SCHIZOPHRENIA: A COMPARATIVE STUDY
Šoštarič, Mojca; Zalar, Bojan
Psychiatria Danubina Vol. 23., No. 3., 2011
Background: Schizophrenia (SCH) is primarily a cognitive dysfunction. Its specific cognitive impairment profile was identified and suggestions have been made to include it in present diagnostic instruments as a special differential diagnostic criterion. However, studies indicate a substantial overlap of cognitive deficits between SCH patients and those with depression (DEP). In order to elucidate the structure of cognitive functioning in both entities, principal cognitive domains of SCH and DEP patients were assessed in the acute phase of d...
Hrčak ID: 76826
eng Validation of the Brief International Cognitive Assessment for Multiple Sclerosis (BICAMS) in a Large Cohort of Relapsing-Remitting MS Patients
hrv Validacija kratke međunarodne kognitivne procjene multiple skleroze u velikoj kohorti bolesnika s relapsno-remitentnom multiplom sklerozom
Drulović, Jelena; Tončev, Gordana; Nadj, Čongor; Obradović, Dragana; Eraković, Jevto; Mesaroš, Šarlota; Čukić, Mirjana; Aleksić, Dejan; Andabaka, Marko; Ivanović, Jovana; Jovanović, Aleksa; Kostić, Marina; Marić, Gorica; Marković, Aleksandar; Martinović, Vanja; Parojčić, Aleksandra; Perić, Stojan; Sakalaš, Lorand; Suknjaja, Vesna; Vesić, Katarina; Vojvodić, Sofija; Vuković, Tijana; H. B. Benedict, Ralph; Pekmezović, Tatjana
Acta clinica Croatica Vol. 61., No. 1., 2022
Cognitive impairment is one of the most frequently reported symptoms in persons with multiple sclerosis (MS). The Brief International Cognitive Assessment for Multiple Sclerosis (BICAMS) has been recommended as a standardized international screening and monitoring tool for brief cognitive assessment. The aim of our study was to assess the reliability and validity of the Serbian version of the BICAMS. A total of 500 relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) patients and 69 age-, gender- and education- matched healthy control (HC) subjects were examined...
Hrčak ID: 280118
hrv Toxoplasma gondii u psihijatrijskim poremećajima
eng Toxoplasma gondii in psychiatric disorders
Šandrk, Edita; Šagud, Marina; Vlatković, Suzana; Sviben, Mario
Socijalna psihijatrija Vol. 44, No. 2, 2016
Toxoplasma gondii je intracelularni parazit svih stanica s jezgrom, ali poseban afinitet ima prema endotelu i živčanom tkivu. U posljednje vrijeme infekcija parazitom Toxoplasma gondii povezuje se s razvojem pojedinih psihijatrijskih poremećaja. Jedan od najčešće proučavanih psihijatrijskih poremećaja na ovom polju jest shizofrenija. Međutim, postoje podatci i o povezanosti toksoplazme s drugim psihijatrijskim poremećajima kao što su opsesivno-kompulzivni poremećaj, te poremećaji raspoloženja, bipolarni poremećaj i depresivni poremećaj. Do...
Hrčak ID: 162828
eng Animal models for Alzheimer’s disease: a focused review of transgenic rodent models and behavioral assessment methods
Wu, Xiaoli; Li, Jing; Zhou, Wei; Tam, Kin
ADMET and DMPK Vol. 3, No. 3, 2015
With the increased morbidity and unclear etiology of Alzheimer’s disease (AD), there is an urgent need to put more effort to investigate the causes of the disease and develop novel drug to stop or reverse the disease progression. Transgenic rodent models mimicking different types of AD-like pathologies are essential resources to discover potential drug targets and study the mechanisms of drug actions. The common symptom of AD is the cognitive deficits. The ultimate readout for any interventions should be evaluated by the test of learning and me...
Hrčak ID: 144316