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Studia ethnologica Croatica, Vol.6 No.1 Prosinac 1995.

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The Kurds Today: Between Local, Regional and National Indentity

Leszek Dzięgel ; Jagiellonian University, Department of ethnology, Krakow, Poland

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (2 MB) str. 105-117 preuzimanja: 474* citiraj
Dzięgel, L. (1994). The Kurds Today: Between Local, Regional and National Indentity. Studia ethnologica Croatica, 6(1), 105-117. Preuzeto s

Particularly interesting from the point of view of culture studies is the situation of Kurds in post-Soviet Transcaucasia. Their original ethnic and religious composition was far from homogeneous. In Armenia, most of the Kurdish-speaking settlers in the early 19th century were Yezidis, who fled from persecution at the hands of their Muslim compatriots and the Turkish administration. Nevertheless, the Russian administration in Transcaucasia regarded them for generations as Kurds. Side by side with them, there also lived - among the Transcaucasian Azerbaijani population - Kurdish refugees of the Muslim faith. Under the Soviet rule, the Armenian Kurds enjoyed considerable cultural freedom, although at times they too fell victim to repression. In Azerbaijan, on the other hand, they were subjected to a policy of forced assimilation into the Turkish-speaking Azerbaijani population. Currently, an idea is being formed among the Kurdish-speaking Transcaucasian Yezidis to establish a non-Kurdish, religious ethnic community of their own, in opposition to Islam. Muslim Kurds in Transcaucasia, in their turn, demand the re-establishment of the Kurdish Autonomous Region, dissolved by Stalin.

Ključne riječi
Kurds; post-Soviet Transcaucasia; Kurdish refugees; forced assimilation; Kurdish Autonomous Region

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