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Critical Factors in Developing National Pellet Market

Julije Domac ; Regionalna enegetska agencija Sjeverozapadne Hrvatske, Dužice 1, 10000 Zagreb
Zlatko Benković ; Ministarstvo regionalnog razvoja, šumarstva i vodnoga gospodarstva, Babonićeva 121, 10000 Zagreb
Velimir Šegon ; Regionalna enegetska agencija Sjeverozapadne Hrvatske, Dužice 1, 10000 Zagreb
Iva Ištok ; Regionalna enegetska agencija Sjeverozapadne Hrvatske, Dužice 1, 10000 Zagreb

Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (77 KB) str. 281-288 preuzimanja: 1.591* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Domac, J., Benković, Z., Šegon, V. i Ištok, I. (2011). Kritični čimbenici u razvoju domaćeg tržišta peleta. Šumarski list, 135 (5-6), 281-288. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/71633
MLA 8th Edition
Domac, Julije, et al. "Kritični čimbenici u razvoju domaćeg tržišta peleta." Šumarski list, vol. 135, br. 5-6, 2011, str. 281-288. https://hrcak.srce.hr/71633. Citirano 10.07.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Domac, Julije, Zlatko Benković, Velimir Šegon i Iva Ištok. "Kritični čimbenici u razvoju domaćeg tržišta peleta." Šumarski list 135, br. 5-6 (2011): 281-288. https://hrcak.srce.hr/71633
Harvard
Domac, J., et al. (2011). 'Kritični čimbenici u razvoju domaćeg tržišta peleta', Šumarski list, 135(5-6), str. 281-288. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/71633 (Datum pristupa: 10.07.2020.)
Vancouver
Domac J, Benković Z, Šegon V, Ištok I. Kritični čimbenici u razvoju domaćeg tržišta peleta. Šumarski list [Internet]. 2011 [pristupljeno 10.07.2020.];135(5-6):281-288. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/71633
IEEE
J. Domac, Z. Benković, V. Šegon i I. Ištok, "Kritični čimbenici u razvoju domaćeg tržišta peleta", Šumarski list, vol.135, br. 5-6, str. 281-288, 2011. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/71633. [Citirano: 10.07.2020.]

Sažetak
The quality of raw material, as well as tradition in wood pro­cessing and pronounced trends of increased use of wood residues as a renewa­ble and organic material play an important role in expansion of national pellet industry and market. Although dependent on market demand and eco­nomic feasibility in relation to non-renewable energy sources, renewable ene­rgy sources can and must be exploited in a better and more effective way.
The use of wood pellets as fuel for domestic stoves and boilers and for co­firing in thermal power plants has been an amazing success story over the past 20 years. Socio-economic impact studies are commonly used to evaluate the local, regional and/or national implications of implementing particular development decisions. Typically, these impacts are measured in terms of eco­nomic variables, such as employment, revenue and taxes, but a complete ana­lysis must also include social, cultural and environmental issues. In many ways the social implications arising from local pellets production or any bioe­nergy activity represents the less clear and concrete end of impact studies; ne­vertheless they can be broken down into two categories: those relating to an increased standard of living and those that contribute to increased social co­hesion and stability.
The primary instruments for the development of renewable energy technolo­gies across the world are international carbon reduction policy drivers. But the development of one type of technology over another on national, regional or local level is often a function of the intricate balance of socio-economic factors in that particular geographical location. The development of wood pellet mar­kets has been very strong in some coutries and almost non-existent in others.
Based on these considerations, this paper is primarily focused on investiga­ting the critical socio-economic factors in developing national pellet markets.
Examples from Austria, Ireland and Croatia highlight some of the key fac­tors that influenced the development and pellet market situation in these coun­tries. Based on initial review, current situation and analysis of these markets, this paper defines critical factors that influence development of national pellet market.
Critical socio-economic factors for the development of national pellet market resulting from presented analysis are the following:
• Financial incentives for investing in wood pellet heating rapidly increase uptake even when pellets are competitive with alternative fuels;
• The existence of a strong sawmilling industry to provide, at least initially, a low cost and readily available source of raw material;
• Stringent quality and sustainability requirements for pellet boilers with re­gard to emissions, efficiency and security – poor products can permanently damage the market, trigger serious environmental concerns and cause major functional problems;•
• Establishment of effective quality control mechanisms for wood pellets. Establishment of national or international tracking systems that allow identification of the origin of pellets;
• Dedicated educational programs and certification of installers establis­hing pellet heating systems.;
• Linking of subsidies with quality requirements for boilers and certification of installers;
• Procurement of wood pellet heating in public buildings to provide user confidence and to stimulate the supply chain;
• Development of incentives for energy service companies to enter into the biomass heating market.
In conclusion, looking at the overall situation regarding pellets production and utilisation a strong growth can be expected with political support at the EU level, playing a major role for the extension of the pellet industry into new member states in particular. The ambitious EU target of achieving 20 % of energy supply from renewable energy by the end of 2020 is impossible without dedicated policies to develop renewable heating. In addition, the on-going oil price rally and carbon dioxide reduction targets also encourage the expansion of the markets for pellets.

Ključne riječi
market; pellets; renewable energy sources; socio-economic factors

Hrčak ID: 71633

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/71633

[hrvatski]

Posjeta: 1.958 *