APA 6th Edition Domac, J., Benković, Z., Šegon, V. i Ištok, I. (2011). Kritični čimbenici u razvoju domaćeg tržišta peleta. Šumarski list, 135 (5-6), 281-288. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/71633
MLA 8th Edition Domac, Julije, et al. "Kritični čimbenici u razvoju domaćeg tržišta peleta." Šumarski list, vol. 135, br. 5-6, 2011, str. 281-288. https://hrcak.srce.hr/71633. Citirano 10.07.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition Domac, Julije, Zlatko Benković, Velimir Šegon i Iva Ištok. "Kritični čimbenici u razvoju domaćeg tržišta peleta." Šumarski list 135, br. 5-6 (2011): 281-288. https://hrcak.srce.hr/71633
Harvard Domac, J., et al. (2011). 'Kritični čimbenici u razvoju domaćeg tržišta peleta', Šumarski list, 135(5-6), str. 281-288. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/71633 (Datum pristupa: 10.07.2020.)
Vancouver Domac J, Benković Z, Šegon V, Ištok I. Kritični čimbenici u razvoju domaćeg tržišta peleta. Šumarski list [Internet]. 2011 [pristupljeno 10.07.2020.];135(5-6):281-288. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/71633
IEEE J. Domac, Z. Benković, V. Šegon i I. Ištok, "Kritični čimbenici u razvoju domaćeg tržišta peleta", Šumarski list, vol.135, br. 5-6, str. 281-288, 2011. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/71633. [Citirano: 10.07.2020.]
Sažetak The quality of raw material, as well as tradition in wood processing and pronounced trends of increased use of wood residues as a renewable and organic material play an important role in expansion of national pellet industry and market. Although dependent on market demand and economic feasibility in relation to non-renewable energy sources, renewable energy sources can and must be exploited in a better and more effective way.
The use of wood pellets as fuel for domestic stoves and boilers and for cofiring in thermal power plants has been an amazing success story over the past 20 years. Socio-economic impact studies are commonly used to evaluate the local, regional and/or national implications of implementing particular development decisions. Typically, these impacts are measured in terms of economic variables, such as employment, revenue and taxes, but a complete analysis must also include social, cultural and environmental issues. In many ways the social implications arising from local pellets production or any bioenergy activity represents the less clear and concrete end of impact studies; nevertheless they can be broken down into two categories: those relating to an increased standard of living and those that contribute to increased social cohesion and stability.
The primary instruments for the development of renewable energy technologies across the world are international carbon reduction policy drivers. But the development of one type of technology over another on national, regional or local level is often a function of the intricate balance of socio-economic factors in that particular geographical location. The development of wood pellet markets has been very strong in some coutries and almost non-existent in others.
Based on these considerations, this paper is primarily focused on investigating the critical socio-economic factors in developing national pellet markets.
Examples from Austria, Ireland and Croatia highlight some of the key factors that influenced the development and pellet market situation in these countries. Based on initial review, current situation and analysis of these markets, this paper defines critical factors that influence development of national pellet market.
Critical socio-economic factors for the development of national pellet market resulting from presented analysis are the following:
• Financial incentives for investing in wood pellet heating rapidly increase uptake even when pellets are competitive with alternative fuels;
• The existence of a strong sawmilling industry to provide, at least initially, a low cost and readily available source of raw material;
• Stringent quality and sustainability requirements for pellet boilers with regard to emissions, efficiency and security – poor products can permanently damage the market, trigger serious environmental concerns and cause major functional problems;•
• Establishment of effective quality control mechanisms for wood pellets. Establishment of national or international tracking systems that allow identification of the origin of pellets;
• Dedicated educational programs and certification of installers establishing pellet heating systems.;
• Linking of subsidies with quality requirements for boilers and certification of installers;
• Procurement of wood pellet heating in public buildings to provide user confidence and to stimulate the supply chain;
• Development of incentives for energy service companies to enter into the biomass heating market.
In conclusion, looking at the overall situation regarding pellets production and utilisation a strong growth can be expected with political support at the EU level, playing a major role for the extension of the pellet industry into new member states in particular. The ambitious EU target of achieving 20 % of energy supply from renewable energy by the end of 2020 is impossible without dedicated policies to develop renewable heating. In addition, the on-going oil price rally and carbon dioxide reduction targets also encourage the expansion of the markets for pellets.