Sažetak The author tries to analyze the ethical aspect of Držić’s literary work comparing it to Vetranović’s and Gundulić’s artistic projects. Unlike Vetranović, Držić also relied on the dimension of his engagement that was not only aesthetic. The end of his life and artistic path bear witness to the tragic gap of identity which always wanted more from the art by not accepting only the artistic message but also by denoting social and political messages. Ivan Gundulić, a very complex author, personifies the authority itself and that puts him in a position significantly different from that of Držić and Vetranović. Gundulić and Vetranović are united by their poetic divergences. In his work, Vetranović completely realizes himself; Gundulić tries to master the world which is seriously shattered in its foundation through his work, while Držić’s has manneristic relation towards creating. Both Držić and Gundulić use literature more than they serve it. Vetranović is the only one of the three who can serve literature thanks to his privileged position of a monk deprived of any responsibility towards actual, practical life in the world.