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A CONCISE INTRODUCTION TO ROLE AND REFERENCE GRAMMAR

Robert D. Van Valin Jr

Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (4 MB) str. 47-78 preuzimanja: 4.517* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Van Valin Jr, R.D. (2000). KRATAK UVOD U GRAMATIKU ULOGE I REFERENCI. FLUMINENSIA, 12 (1-2), 47-78. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/7357
MLA 8th Edition
Van Valin Jr, Robert D.. "KRATAK UVOD U GRAMATIKU ULOGE I REFERENCI." FLUMINENSIA, vol. 12, br. 1-2, 2000, str. 47-78. https://hrcak.srce.hr/7357. Citirano 05.04.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Van Valin Jr, Robert D.. "KRATAK UVOD U GRAMATIKU ULOGE I REFERENCI." FLUMINENSIA 12, br. 1-2 (2000): 47-78. https://hrcak.srce.hr/7357
Harvard
Van Valin Jr, R.D. (2000). 'KRATAK UVOD U GRAMATIKU ULOGE I REFERENCI', FLUMINENSIA, 12(1-2), str. 47-78. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/7357 (Datum pristupa: 05.04.2020.)
Vancouver
Van Valin Jr RD. KRATAK UVOD U GRAMATIKU ULOGE I REFERENCI. FLUMINENSIA [Internet]. 2000 [pristupljeno 05.04.2020.];12(1-2):47-78. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/7357
IEEE
R.D. Van Valin Jr, "KRATAK UVOD U GRAMATIKU ULOGE I REFERENCI", FLUMINENSIA, vol.12, br. 1-2, str. 47-78, 2000. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/7357. [Citirano: 05.04.2020.]

Sažetak
This paper presents the basic concepts of Role and Reference Grammar [RRG], a theory of grammar which draws heavily on the analysis of non-lndo-European languages and which is concerned with the interaction of syntax, semantics and pragmatics in grammatical systems. RRG is a monostratal theory which posits a single syntactic representation for a sentence, which is linked directly to a semantic representation by means of a linking algorithm. The syntactic representation of clause structure in RRG is called the layered structure of the clause. It postulates that clauses are universally composed of a nucleus (which contains the predicating element), a core (which contains the nucleus and the arguments of the predicating element), and a periphery (which contains the temporal and locative modifiers of the core). Modifying each of the layers of the clause are what are called operators in RRG: they include grammatical categories like tense, aspect, modality, negation and illocutionary force. Complex sentences are composed of these units: nucleus + nucleus constitutes a nuclear juncture, core + core constitutes a core juncture, and clause + clause constitutes a clausal juncture. The units in a juncture may stand in one of three relationships to each other: coordination, subordination and cosubordination. There are thus nine abstract juncture-nexus types in universal grammar, and the juncture-nexus types occurring in a particular language may be realized by one or more formal construction types.
The semantic representation of a sentence is built on an Aktionsart-based system of lexical decomposition; it is termed a logical structure [LS]. The semantic functions of arguments are defined in terms of LS-positions. Crucial to the theory is the notion of semantic macrorole; there are two, actor and undergoer. The macroroles and other arguments are linked to the syntax by the linking algorithm. RRG does not assume traditional grammatical relations; it recognizes only a single grammatical function, termed the privileged syntactic argument.

Ključne riječi
syntactic theory; linking; lexical decomposition; macrorole; focus structure; language acquisition; clause linkage

Hrčak ID: 7357

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/7357

[hrvatski]

Posjeta: 5.338 *