hrcak mascot   Srce   HID

Pregledni rad

Epiphany - Holy Three Kings - Croatian Tradition of Water Baptism in Hungary

Đuro Franković ; Pecs, Hungary

Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (188 KB) str. 153-169 preuzimanja: 525* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Franković, Đ. (2009). Bogojavljenje - Sveta tri kralja - Vodokršće u tradiciji Hrvata u Mađarskoj. Podravina, 8 (15), 153-169. Preuzeto s
MLA 8th Edition
Franković, Đuro. "Bogojavljenje - Sveta tri kralja - Vodokršće u tradiciji Hrvata u Mađarskoj." Podravina, vol. 8, br. 15, 2009, str. 153-169. Citirano 23.10.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Franković, Đuro. "Bogojavljenje - Sveta tri kralja - Vodokršće u tradiciji Hrvata u Mađarskoj." Podravina 8, br. 15 (2009): 153-169.
Franković, Đ. (2009). 'Bogojavljenje - Sveta tri kralja - Vodokršće u tradiciji Hrvata u Mađarskoj', Podravina, 8(15), str. 153-169. Preuzeto s: (Datum pristupa: 23.10.2021.)
Franković Đ. Bogojavljenje - Sveta tri kralja - Vodokršće u tradiciji Hrvata u Mađarskoj. Podravina [Internet]. 2009 [pristupljeno 23.10.2021.];8(15):153-169. Dostupno na:
Đ. Franković, "Bogojavljenje - Sveta tri kralja - Vodokršće u tradiciji Hrvata u Mađarskoj", Podravina, vol.8, br. 15, str. 153-169, 2009. [Online]. Dostupno na: [Citirano: 23.10.2021.]

Folk tradition of Croats in Hungary has kept its rich archaic tradition in celebration of Christian holidays, such as Epiphany, or Holy Three Kings. This religious celebration in Hungary is rightfully called »Little Croatia«. Namely, throughout different time periods, Hungary was populated by native Croat; in some areas they had been settled even before the Hungarians came along. Naturally, due to invasion of the Ottoman armies, native Croats were fleeing from the invaders and later, after they were pushed back, Croats settled down the Danube Valley (Zadunavlje) and areas between the rivers Danube and Tisa. The paper provides insight into this religious holiday, still alive and vivid in small prayers of the Croats in archipelago, in different customs, for example, sanctification of water in a church, as well as use of holy water on that day, or, all year round. However, this day is linked to folk play in Croatia’s north, - we want to remind that on the outer rims of certain lands, in this case- Croatian lands- archaic customs are better preserved, while elsewhere it’s lost, forgotten, thus lost forever. The paper provides the poetically recorded event from the New Testament, when Jesus sanctifies water for a wedding ceremony. On that holiday people, for reasons of good health, make a ritual face washing: a person will step on an axe, put a red apple, a coin, or a rose hip into the water. This custom is gradually disappearing. Or, is it already disappeared? In his childhood days, the author himself followed that custom in Podravsko Lukovišće as a child. The custom was followed by Sokácok(Šokački) Croats in Baranja region, and Bunyevácok (Bunjevački) Croats in Bačka region, while other Croatian-populated settlements in Hungary celebrated this on a different day, mainly around Christmas time. Since it’s a traditional holiday, it’s self-explaining that women and girls were forbidden to spin and weave on that holy day. Throughout Hungary, Croats on that day bless their homes and farmhouses, plow land and water-wells, vineyard etc. with holy water, sprinkling it over for protection for their family members or cattle from illness or disease, from plague or unholy spirits, as folk has always had a saying: »Running like devil from holy water!«, hence the prophylactic measures with holy water. The paper provides folk little prayers of Croats, as well as other holy prayers, which can be useful for research of Croatian Christian hymnody, also seen with Croats, settled in Hungary. In little prayers of Podravina’s Croats, the Holy Three Kings are described as soul guides, namely, they lead and guide souls of the deceased into Heaven. It was to them the believers directed their little prayers for merciful death.
On the Holy Three Kings a strict fasting is upheld too, which give this holiday another meaning- a posthumous character. On that day, ceremonial play of so-called »zvjezdari« (starmen), as well as others, well-known and very specific for Gradišće.
We should add another custom related to this holiday: children in Podravina, on their seventh birthday, fast for the whole day, until the first star appears in the sky, that the chains that keep devil away are re-strengthened.

Ključne riječi
spiritual songs; Three Kings; young King; customs; merciful death; folk little prayers; soul guides; prohibitions; ceremonial face washing; consecration of water; evil spirits; ritual plays; home blessing; devil; chain; folk meteorology

Hrčak ID: 77861



Posjeta: 1.509 *