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Building complex of the Brod Estate Community in Vinkovci – an unknown architectural work by Herman Bollé

Dragan Damjanović

Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (3 MB) str. 183-205 preuzimanja: 861* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Damjanović, D. (2011). Kompleks zgrada Brodske imovne općine u Vinkovcima, nepoznato djelo arhitekta Hermana Bolléa. Scrinia Slavonica, 11 (1), 183-205. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/78167
MLA 8th Edition
Damjanović, Dragan. "Kompleks zgrada Brodske imovne općine u Vinkovcima, nepoznato djelo arhitekta Hermana Bolléa." Scrinia Slavonica, vol. 11, br. 1, 2011, str. 183-205. https://hrcak.srce.hr/78167. Citirano 17.10.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Damjanović, Dragan. "Kompleks zgrada Brodske imovne općine u Vinkovcima, nepoznato djelo arhitekta Hermana Bolléa." Scrinia Slavonica 11, br. 1 (2011): 183-205. https://hrcak.srce.hr/78167
Harvard
Damjanović, D. (2011). 'Kompleks zgrada Brodske imovne općine u Vinkovcima, nepoznato djelo arhitekta Hermana Bolléa', Scrinia Slavonica, 11(1), str. 183-205. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/78167 (Datum pristupa: 17.10.2021.)
Vancouver
Damjanović D. Kompleks zgrada Brodske imovne općine u Vinkovcima, nepoznato djelo arhitekta Hermana Bolléa. Scrinia Slavonica [Internet]. 2011 [pristupljeno 17.10.2021.];11(1):183-205. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/78167
IEEE
D. Damjanović, "Kompleks zgrada Brodske imovne općine u Vinkovcima, nepoznato djelo arhitekta Hermana Bolléa", Scrinia Slavonica, vol.11, br. 1, str. 183-205, 2011. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/78167. [Citirano: 17.10.2021.]

Sažetak
The building complex of the Brod Estate Community (Broder Vermögensgemeinde, Brodska imovna općina), situated in Vinkovci town centre, consists of two buildings – the so-called uredovnica, i.e. administrative quarters of the Brod Estate Community, situated on the corner of the main town square and adjoining Zvonimirova Street (called Njemačka ulica [German Street] or Njemački sokak at the time of building), and the rentable residential-business building entirely facing Njemačka ulica. The thorough renovation and rebuilding of the complex in the beginning of the 20th century was financed by the Brod Estate Community itself, one of the ten such communities founded during 1873 and 1874 as a part of the process of demilitarisation and gradual abolition of the Military Border. The main resources of the ten estate communities were vast wooded areas of the Military Border. Since the area of former Brod regiment was covered by remnants of lush high-quality oak forests, Brod Estate Community gained signifi cant resources through trading and managing the forest goods, positioning itself among the wealthiest estate communities of the former Military Border. The then president Marijan Mihaljković considered the restoration of the old and construction of a new building a good investment. With regard to the price and size of the buildings, construction in Vinkovci is one of the largest public construction projects in Croatia at the beginning of the 20th century. The total costs are estimated at 450.000 Austro-Hungarian crowns. Having abandoned the idea of inviting tenders for the project, in December of 1906 the project was entrusted to Herman Bollé, an architect from Zagreb, one of the most important representatives of Historicism in Croatia (primarily Neo-Gothic, Neo-Renaissance and Neo-Byzantism), who had cooperated with Brod Estate Community for decades. The restoration and building extension of the administrative building and the adjoining residential-business building were performed during 1908-1909 and 1909-1910, respectively. The construction works were done by “Axmann i Domes”, a company from Osijek, one of the most important architectural companies of Croatian Secession. Brod Estate Community building complex in Vinkovci stands out from the rest of Bollé’s work through the unusual choice of different building styles for two adjoining structures – the corner building was restored in a sort of Neo-Baroque style with elements of Neo-Renaissance, while the new building in Njemačka ulica is Neo-Gothic in style. There is no straightforward answer as to the reason of such decision, because Bollé did not mention the choice of the style in any of his writings. Possibly, the choice of different styles was inspired by the fact that the corner building was only restored, and since it was already a Baroque building dating to the end of 18th or the beginning of the 19th century, he opted for stylistically more appropriate, more Baroque-like face. Furthermore, one should bear in mind that the complex was restored/ built during the period of Late (and even somewhat belated) Historicism, when the tendency for purity and unity of style was replaced by picturesqueness and playing with architectural “languages” of the past, which undoubtedly explains a certain dichotomy of style visible in the facade of the administrative building interwoven with elements of Neo-Renaissance and Neo-Baroque. The author of the relief set up on the building’s main facade in 1909 is Dragutin Morak, a sculptor who cooperated with Bollé on many projects. The adjoining 80-meter long building of Brod Estate Community was built as a rental house with 14 business premises and 6 apartments. The facade is Neo-Gothic in style and the roof is adorned with tall pyramidal structures placed onto projecting facade elements and the central projecting piece (oriel). Both buildings display Secession elements, otherwise rare in Bollé’s work. Although Bollé’s buildings undoubtedly represent late examples of Historicism, they are signifi cant manifestations of this style in Slavonia. In addition to that, the residential-business building of the Estate Community is the largest Neo-Gothic structure ever built in the Kingdom of Croatia, Slavonia and Dalmatia.

Ključne riječi
Herman Bollé; Vinkovci; Brod Estate Community; Neo-Gothic; Neo-Renaissance; Neo-Baroque; Historicism; Dragutin Morak

Hrčak ID: 78167

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/78167

[hrvatski]

Posjeta: 1.656 *