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Incidence of post-harvest disease and airborne fungal spores in a vegetable market
Umesh K. Kakde
; Department of Botany, Government of Maharashtra’s Ismail Yusuf College, Jogeshwari (E), Mumbai, 400 060 India
Hemalata U. Kakde
; Shree Gauri Dutt Mittal College, Sion, Mumbai-22 India
Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (218 KB)
Kakde, U.K., Kakde, H.U. (2012). Incidence of post-harvest disease and airborne fungal spores in a vegetable market. Acta Botanica Croatica, 71(1), 147-157. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/79035
The sampling of bioaerosols has been carried out using a Rotorod sampler as well as by exposing culture plates. The screening of some common vegetables was also done for the isolation of fungi as market pathogens to study post-harvest diseases. Altogether, fifty nine fungal spore types and 78 species of 33 genera belonging to different groups were recorded respectively on the rotorod strips and on exposed Petri dishes. Many saprophytic and pathogenic fungi were found to be associated with sampled vegetables from the market. In all forty-six fungal species belonging to 26 genera were recovered from five varieties of vegetables collected from the same market. The most dominant forms of fungi were of Aspergillus followed by Cladosporium, Penicillium, Alternaria, Fusarium, Curvularia, Trichoderma, and Rhizopus. Aspergillus niger, A. flavus, A. fumigatus, Penicillium spp. and Cladosporium herbarum, found to be dominant during the period of investigation. Important mycotoxin-producing fungi such as A. flavus, A. fumigatus and Fusarium moniliforme were isolated from the vegetables collected from the market.
Bioaerosols; vegetable; saprophyte; pathogen; mycotoxin; post-harvest disease
Hrčak ID: 79035
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