APA 6th Edition ODWAK, H. (2006). Scapular Axillary Border Morphology in Modern Humans and Neandertals. Periodicum biologorum, 108 (3), 353-364. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/83148
MLA 8th Edition ODWAK, HARTLEY. "Scapular Axillary Border Morphology in Modern Humans and Neandertals." Periodicum biologorum, vol. 108, br. 3, 2006, str. 353-364. https://hrcak.srce.hr/83148. Citirano 04.03.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition ODWAK, HARTLEY. "Scapular Axillary Border Morphology in Modern Humans and Neandertals." Periodicum biologorum 108, br. 3 (2006): 353-364. https://hrcak.srce.hr/83148
Harvard ODWAK, H. (2006). 'Scapular Axillary Border Morphology in Modern Humans and Neandertals', Periodicum biologorum, 108(3), str. 353-364. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/83148 (Datum pristupa: 04.03.2021.)
Vancouver ODWAK H. Scapular Axillary Border Morphology in Modern Humans and Neandertals. Periodicum biologorum [Internet]. 2006 [pristupljeno 04.03.2021.];108(3):353-364. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/83148
IEEE H. ODWAK, "Scapular Axillary Border Morphology in Modern Humans and Neandertals", Periodicum biologorum, vol.108, br. 3, str. 353-364, 2006. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/83148. [Citirano: 04.03.2021.]
Sažetak It has been nearly 100 years since Gorjanović-Kramberger published his seminal Krapina scapular axillary border study. The current study attempts to build on Gorjanović-Kramberger's work and that of the many researchers who have attempted to unlock the significance of axillary border variation before and since. The high frequency of dorsal sulci on Neandertal axillary borders and their relatively low frequency among recent humans has more recently been interpreted as indicative of overall greater Neandertal robusticity and reflective of a steady decrease in the levels of biomechanical stress across the shoulder, corresponding to increases in the level of cultural efficiency during the Upper Pleistocene. This study examines (1) the robusticity of axillary border shape and (2) the relationship between axillary border length and thickness to overall scapular, infraspinous, and
scapular spine size in modern humans and two Neandertals (Kebara 2 and Tabun C1). The results suggest that the bisulcate axillary border condition, present in high frequency among modern humans, appears to represent greater robusticity (i.e, able to resist greater biomechanical forces) than either the dorsal or ventral types. Additionally, the results confirm the hypothesis that axillary border length and thickness correlate highly to scapular size and scapular spine measures. These results do not challenge the notion that Neandertal post-crania are characteristically robust. Rather, the
potential plasticity of the scapula suggests that caution should be implemented when utilising it in phylogenetic interpretations.
I do not know what range of variation a great series of the scapulae
of the larger felidae might present, but a small one shows nothing
like that of the human race... (2: p. 23)