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Childhood Nail Alterations in Polish Population

Michał Sobjanek ; Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Allergology Medical University of Gdańsk Gdańsk Poland
Igor Michajłowski ; Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Allergology Medical University of Gdańsk Gdańsk Poland
Monika Konczalska ; Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Allergology Medical University of Gdańsk Gdańsk Poland
Adam Włodarkiewicz ; Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, Medical University of Gdańsk, Gdańsk, Poland
Jadwiga Roszkiewicz ; Department of Dermatology, Venereology and Allergology Medical University of Gdańsk Gdańsk Poland

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Sažetak
The epidemiology and nature of childhood nail apparatus
pathology is not well known. The aim of our study was to investigate the
frequency and nature of nail alterations in Polish pediatric patients. Among
1588 patients diagnosed and treated at our clinic due to nail alterations, 82
(5.16%) patients under age 16 were selected. The most frequent (36.59%)
diagnosis were variants of normal nails, which were observed in 30 patients.
The most common pathology were viral warts (19.51%). Differences
in the distribution of onychomycosis and viral warts in children and adults
were statistically significant. Onychomycosis was more common in adults
(60.39% vs. 9.76%), whereas viral warts were more common in children
(19.51% vs. 5.86%; p<0.0001). Melanonychia was diagnosed in one (1.22%)
case. Benign and malignant tumors were not observed. In conclusion,
distribution of nail apparatus pathology in children is different comparing
with adults. In the group of children under 6 years of age, there were
mainly variants of normal nails, whereas in older children viral infection
and acquired structural disorders were recorded. The risk of nail apparatus
malignancy in childhood seems to be extremely low.

Ključne riječi
nail alteration; childhood

Hrčak ID: 89097

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/89097

Posjeta: 181 *