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Review article

Applicability of rebus sic stantibus to the Cuban-American Treaty on the US Military Base in Guantanamo Bay

Ivica Kinder ; General Staff of the Croatian Armed Forces, Zagreb. Croatia

Fulltext: croatian, pdf (308 KB) pages 1113-1135 downloads: 417* cite
APA 6th Edition
Kinder, I. (2012). Primjenjivost klauzule rebus sic stantibus na međunarodni ugovor o vojnoj bazi SAD-a u Guantanamu. Zbornik Pravnog fakulteta u Zagrebu, 62 (4), 1113-1135. Retrieved from https://hrcak.srce.hr/94480
MLA 8th Edition
Kinder, Ivica. "Primjenjivost klauzule rebus sic stantibus na međunarodni ugovor o vojnoj bazi SAD-a u Guantanamu." Zbornik Pravnog fakulteta u Zagrebu, vol. 62, no. 4, 2012, pp. 1113-1135. https://hrcak.srce.hr/94480. Accessed 1 Apr. 2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Kinder, Ivica. "Primjenjivost klauzule rebus sic stantibus na međunarodni ugovor o vojnoj bazi SAD-a u Guantanamu." Zbornik Pravnog fakulteta u Zagrebu 62, no. 4 (2012): 1113-1135. https://hrcak.srce.hr/94480
Harvard
Kinder, I. (2012). 'Primjenjivost klauzule rebus sic stantibus na međunarodni ugovor o vojnoj bazi SAD-a u Guantanamu', Zbornik Pravnog fakulteta u Zagrebu, 62(4), pp. 1113-1135. Available at: https://hrcak.srce.hr/94480 (Accessed 01 April 2020)
Vancouver
Kinder I. Primjenjivost klauzule rebus sic stantibus na međunarodni ugovor o vojnoj bazi SAD-a u Guantanamu. Zbornik Pravnog fakulteta u Zagrebu [Internet]. 2012 [cited 2020 April 01];62(4):1113-1135. Available from: https://hrcak.srce.hr/94480
IEEE
I. Kinder, "Primjenjivost klauzule rebus sic stantibus na međunarodni ugovor o vojnoj bazi SAD-a u Guantanamu", Zbornik Pravnog fakulteta u Zagrebu, vol.62, no. 4, pp. 1113-1135, 2012. [Online]. Available: https://hrcak.srce.hr/94480. [Accessed: 01 April 2020]

Abstracts
Pursuant to the Treaty between Cuba and the USA of 1903, the USA has had a military in Guantanamo Bay, Cuba. The United States recognizes Cuba's sovereignty over the base's territory, while Cuba has relinquished to the USA complete jurisdiction and control over the area. Since the political changes in Cuba of 1959, the Cuban authorities have been advocating the closing-down of the base. However, the USA and Cuba agree that any dispute concerning an international treaty can only be solved in the way envisaged in that treaty by its parties, i.e. that no state can be forced to submit to trial, arbitration or mediation concerning a dispute over a treaty.
Clausula rebus sic stantibus as a way to terminate a treaty, disputed both by scholars and in practice, requires a fundamental change of circumstances with regard to those existing at the time of the conclusion of the treaty, provided that the treaty contains no ratione temporis provisions, and assuming that the parties entered into the treaty on the basis of certain circumstances. Considering the content of the reservations expressed by the USA and Cuba on the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties, the applicability of rebus sic stantibus should, in principle, not be disputable. However, the issue remains whether there is enough foundation for invoking the said clause, i.e. what the parties' positions are regarding this issue.
The author also analyses what would constitute the factual achievement of the purpose of the treaty regarding the Guantanamo bay naval base, and what would constitute a fundamental change of circumstances, i.e. what the USA and Cuba would have decided at the time of the conclusion of the Treaty had they been able to foresee the subsequent changes of circumstances.

Keywords
treaty; military base; Guantanamo Bay; clausula rebus sic stantibus; Camp X-Ray

Hrčak ID: 94480

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/94480

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