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Slavonski Brod, Galovo, Archaological Excavation 2005

Kornelija Minichreiter

Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (2 MB) str. 29-32 preuzimanja: 493* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Minichreiter, K. (2006). Slavonski Brod, Galovo, arheološka istraživanja 2005.. Annales Instituti Archaeologici, II (1), 29-32. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/9155
MLA 8th Edition
Minichreiter, Kornelija. "Slavonski Brod, Galovo, arheološka istraživanja 2005.." Annales Instituti Archaeologici, vol. II, br. 1, 2006, str. 29-32. https://hrcak.srce.hr/9155. Citirano 13.11.2019.
Chicago 17th Edition
Minichreiter, Kornelija. "Slavonski Brod, Galovo, arheološka istraživanja 2005.." Annales Instituti Archaeologici II, br. 1 (2006): 29-32. https://hrcak.srce.hr/9155
Harvard
Minichreiter, K. (2006). 'Slavonski Brod, Galovo, arheološka istraživanja 2005.', Annales Instituti Archaeologici, II(1), str. 29-32. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/9155 (Datum pristupa: 13.11.2019.)
Vancouver
Minichreiter K. Slavonski Brod, Galovo, arheološka istraživanja 2005.. Annales Instituti Archaeologici [Internet]. 2006 [pristupljeno 13.11.2019.];II(1):29-32. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/9155
IEEE
K. Minichreiter, "Slavonski Brod, Galovo, arheološka istraživanja 2005.", Annales Instituti Archaeologici, vol.II, br. 1, str. 29-32, 2006. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/9155. [Citirano: 13.11.2019.]

Sažetak
In 2005, the ninth season of systematic archaeological excavations of an Early Neolithic Starčevo culture settlement was conducted on a land called Galovo in the north-eastern part of Slavonski Brod. The works were organised by the Institute of Archaeology from Zagreb in co-operation with the Museum of Brodsko Posavlje from Slavonski Brod, led by K. Minichreiter, Ph.D. (Minichreiter 2005, 25-30). During the excavations an area of 200 m2 was excavated, which on its southern and western sides was a continuation of the surface excavated in past years. The working pit dwelling 205/206 was completely excavated, and the excavations of the upper layers of four surrounding pit dwellings - 291/292, 323/324, 749/750 and 753/754 - started. In the follow-up settlement excavations, working pit dwelling 205/206 was uncovered with a bread oven and a pottery kiln, as well as a wooden frame and clay weights of a vertical loom. The pit dwelling had two rooms, northern and southern, and on its north-eastern side there was an entrance with two steps, each 20 cm high. In the northern part were the kiln, the oven and the loom, and in the southern part a levelled walking area and a niche (possibly a shelf) for storing things or sitting.
The pit dwelling walls on the western, southern and south-eastern side were steeply dug up to 1 m from the peripheral part of the structure. On the northern, north-eastern and eastern side sequences of pillar holes were found, and in the middle of the pit dwelling, from NW to SE (along the longer axis) vertical wooden pillars were entrenched (with a 30-40 cm diameter) serving as the main central supports of the roof construction. At two points, rows of diagonal supports were identified as well, arranged vertically with the central structure. Along with clay vessels standard in shape and decorations, fragments of bowls were found in the pit dwelling painted white on a red background. Of specific finds, decorated bone objects, clay idols and smoothed stone axes stand out. Radiocarbon 14C analyses determined the age of the baking oven (5800-5715 cal BC) and the loom (5790-5660 cal BC), suggesting that pit dwelling 205 is somewhat older than the neighbouring pit dwellings. This is confirmed also by vessel fragments with white painted motifs, which were unearthed only in this pit dwelling out of a total of six pit dwellings excavated in this part of the settlement. In the upper layers of pit dwellings 749, 753 and 291 parts of an altar, a dog figurine - protomes on an altar, pillared idols and pottery decorated with reliefs, probably of an animal figure. Archaeological finds belong to the Linear A stage, just as in the previous works. The discovery of white painted patterns on vessels confirm the assumption made by S. Dimitrijević, who called this stage the white Linear A. This significant discovery in continental Croatia moves the white Linear A distribution border further west, suggesting that white Linear A existed not only in eastern, but also in central Slavonia.

Ključne riječi
Slavonski Brod; Galovo; sistematic archaeological excavation; settlement; Starčevo culture; Early Neolithic; pottery with white painting; White Linear A phase

Hrčak ID: 9155

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/9155

[hrvatski]

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