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Original scientific paper

Development of some Models for Assessment the Dynamic Migration Processes of Phosphates in Soil Columns

Oanamari D. Orbulet ; University Politehnica of Bucharest, Faculty of Applied Chemistry and Material Science, Department for Inorganic Chemicals’ Technology and Environmental Protection, Polizu 1-7, 011061 Bucharest, Romania
Tudor Casandroiu ; University Politehnica of Bucharest, Faculty of Biotechnical Systems Engineering, Department for Biotechnical Systems, Splaiul Independentei 313, 060042 Bucharest, Romania
Gheorghe Voicu ; University Politehnica of Bucharest, Faculty of Biotechnical Systems Engineering, Department for Biotechnical Systems, Splaiul Independentei 313, 060042 Bucharest, Romania
Alexandra R. Miron ; University Politehnica of Bucharest, Faculty of Applied Chemistry and Material Science, Department for Inorganic Chemicals’ Technology and Environmental Protection, Polizu 1-7, 011061 Bucharest, Romania
Cristina Modrogan ; University Politehnica of Bucharest, Faculty of Applied Chemistry and Material Science, Department for Inorganic Chemicals’ Technology and Environmental Protection, Polizu 1-7, 011061 Bucharest, Romania

Fulltext: english, pdf (237 KB) pages 177-183 downloads: 153* cite
APA 6th Edition
Orbulet, O.D., Casandroiu, T., Voicu, G., Miron, A.R. & Modrogan, C. (2012). Development of some Models for Assessment the Dynamic Migration Processes of Phosphates in Soil Columns. Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus, 77 (4), 177-183. Retrieved from https://hrcak.srce.hr/97501
MLA 8th Edition
Orbulet, Oanamari D., et al. "Development of some Models for Assessment the Dynamic Migration Processes of Phosphates in Soil Columns." Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus, vol. 77, no. 4, 2012, pp. 177-183. https://hrcak.srce.hr/97501. Accessed 6 Dec. 2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Orbulet, Oanamari D., Tudor Casandroiu, Gheorghe Voicu, Alexandra R. Miron and Cristina Modrogan. "Development of some Models for Assessment the Dynamic Migration Processes of Phosphates in Soil Columns." Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus 77, no. 4 (2012): 177-183. https://hrcak.srce.hr/97501
Harvard
Orbulet, O.D., et al. (2012). 'Development of some Models for Assessment the Dynamic Migration Processes of Phosphates in Soil Columns', Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus, 77(4), pp. 177-183. Available at: https://hrcak.srce.hr/97501 (Accessed 06 December 2021)
Vancouver
Orbulet OD, Casandroiu T, Voicu G, Miron AR, Modrogan C. Development of some Models for Assessment the Dynamic Migration Processes of Phosphates in Soil Columns. Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus [Internet]. 2012 [cited 2021 December 06];77(4):177-183. Available from: https://hrcak.srce.hr/97501
IEEE
O.D. Orbulet, T. Casandroiu, G. Voicu, A.R. Miron and C. Modrogan, "Development of some Models for Assessment the Dynamic Migration Processes of Phosphates in Soil Columns", Agriculturae Conspectus Scientificus, vol.77, no. 4, pp. 177-183, 2012. [Online]. Available: https://hrcak.srce.hr/97501. [Accessed: 06 December 2021]

Abstracts
Due to complexity of phosphate (P) migration in soil columns, the problem of theoretical approach of modeling the process is specially difficult. So, numerous semiempirical models based on admission of simplifying assumptions were developed, some of them being apart from the real phenomenon.
In this paper are presented the breakthrough curves, the phosphate (P) usage degree in soil, based on a dynamic study, realised in order to determine phosphate sorption rate on the granules of two soil types (cambic chernozem and psamosoil) from Romania. Due to random character of the process, which is influenced by many naturally variable factors, this can be addressed from stochastic point of view.
Experimental data regarding phosphate migration in soil column evolution process are represented like curves with sigmoid profile. Based on this observation, Rosin- Rammler and Schuhman sigmoid profile curves, known models and logistic type equations were used as simulation models representing phosphate transport and sorption kinetics for laboratory experiments in columns.
Testing the models with the experimental data resulted with the conclusion that the most appropriate models describing the process of phosphate migration in soil columns are Rosin-Rammler and logistic type equation, C = 1-exp(-btn) and C = [1+exp(α+βt)]-1, (C – relative concentration; t – time; b, n, α, β - constant coefficients determined from experimental data by non-linear regression) for which the correlation coefficient is R2 ≥ 0.983 for both types of soil.

Keywords
sorption of phosphates; mathematical model; soil; dynamic regime

Hrčak ID: 97501

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/97501

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