hrcak mascot   Srce   HID

Original scientific paper

Effects of Tobacco on Hard and Soft Tissues of Oral Cavity

Hrvoje Brkić ; School of Dental Medicine, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
Jadranka Keros ; School of Dental Medicine, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
Marinka Mravak-Stipetić ; School of Dental Medicine, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
Tihomir Žiger ; Medicinski fakultet Sveučilišta u Zagrebu, Zagreb, Hrvatska

Fulltext: croatian, pdf (11 MB) pages 287-294 downloads: 1.091* cite
APA 6th Edition
Brkić, H., Keros, J., Mravak-Stipetić, M. & Žiger, T. (1994). Djelovanje pušenja duhana na tvrda i meka tkiva usne šupljine. Acta stomatologica Croatica, 28 (4), 287-294. Retrieved from https://hrcak.srce.hr/99424
MLA 8th Edition
Brkić, Hrvoje, et al. "Djelovanje pušenja duhana na tvrda i meka tkiva usne šupljine." Acta stomatologica Croatica, vol. 28, no. 4, 1994, pp. 287-294. https://hrcak.srce.hr/99424. Accessed 23 Apr. 2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Brkić, Hrvoje, Jadranka Keros, Marinka Mravak-Stipetić and Tihomir Žiger. "Djelovanje pušenja duhana na tvrda i meka tkiva usne šupljine." Acta stomatologica Croatica 28, no. 4 (1994): 287-294. https://hrcak.srce.hr/99424
Harvard
Brkić, H., et al. (1994). 'Djelovanje pušenja duhana na tvrda i meka tkiva usne šupljine', Acta stomatologica Croatica, 28(4), pp. 287-294. Available at: https://hrcak.srce.hr/99424 (Accessed 23 April 2021)
Vancouver
Brkić H, Keros J, Mravak-Stipetić M, Žiger T. Djelovanje pušenja duhana na tvrda i meka tkiva usne šupljine. Acta stomatologica Croatica [Internet]. 1994 [cited 2021 April 23];28(4):287-294. Available from: https://hrcak.srce.hr/99424
IEEE
H. Brkić, J. Keros, M. Mravak-Stipetić and T. Žiger, "Djelovanje pušenja duhana na tvrda i meka tkiva usne šupljine", Acta stomatologica Croatica, vol.28, no. 4, pp. 287-294, 1994. [Online]. Available: https://hrcak.srce.hr/99424. [Accessed: 23 April 2021]

Abstracts
Both literature data and everyday casuistics warn of harmful thermic, chemical and mechanical effects of tobacco smoking on health. Tobacco-caused changes involve the entire mucous membrane of the respiratory tract and partially that of the digestive system. The aim of the study was to investigate the smoking-induced changes in hard and soft tissues of the oral cavity. The study included 50 long-term cigarette smokers of both sexes and 100 age- -matched non-smokers as controls. Nine parameters relevant for the evaluation of dentition and oral cavity mucosa were assessed. Results showed the changes in hard (discoloration, pigmentation, blurry appearance, enamel erosion, exposed dentine and cementum, alloplastic fillings) and soft tissues (gingiva, periodontal structures) to be significantly more frequently found in smokers than in non-smokers. Poor hygiene as an additional factor, subsequent reduction of pH and frequent xerostomia, make an excellent basis for the development of dental caries. Besides the effects described above, tobacco smoking also indirectly suppresses the immune system of smokers, induces changes in the oral flora, makes a smoker more susceptible to infections and significantly increases the risk of oral carcinoma.
This and other similar studies therefore suggest the need of in-depth consideration of appropriate precautionary measures (education, giving up smoking) and possibilities to eliminate the present damages.

Keywords
tobacco; smoking; oral cavity; tooth damage; periodontal damage; mucosal damage

Hrčak ID: 99424

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/99424

[croatian]

Visits: 1.416 *