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Original scientific paper

Dalmatia from the mid eighteenth century to the mid-nineteenth century

Ivan Pederin

Fulltext: croatian, pdf (363 KB) pages 7-20 downloads: 580* cite
APA 6th Edition
Pederin, I. (2012). Dalmacija u mijeni XVIII./XIX. stoljeća. Adrias, (18), 7-20. Retrieved from
MLA 8th Edition
Pederin, Ivan. "Dalmacija u mijeni XVIII./XIX. stoljeća." Adrias, vol. , no. 18, 2012, pp. 7-20. Accessed 20 Nov. 2019.
Chicago 17th Edition
Pederin, Ivan. "Dalmacija u mijeni XVIII./XIX. stoljeća." Adrias , no. 18 (2012): 7-20.
Pederin, I. (2012). 'Dalmacija u mijeni XVIII./XIX. stoljeća', Adrias, (18), pp. 7-20. Available at: (Accessed 20 November 2019)
Pederin I. Dalmacija u mijeni XVIII./XIX. stoljeća. Adrias [Internet]. 2012 [cited 2019 November 20];(18):7-20. Available from:
I. Pederin, "Dalmacija u mijeni XVIII./XIX. stoljeća", Adrias, vol., no. 18, pp. 7-20, 2012. [Online]. Available: [Accessed: 20 November 2019]

Since mid-eighteenth century Venice was gradually losing its influence in the Culphus due to the rise of piracy and banditry and the weakening of tensions with the declining Ottoman Empire and also due to one of Venice’s rivals – the Ottoman Dubrovnik. At the same time the tension rose between Vienna and France and the Kingdom of Naples in the Adriatic; the tensions between the Hapsburgs and the Sublime Porte were also declining and the importance of the Adriatic port of Senj was rising.
The Hapsburgs gained Dalmatia following the end of Venice and started the expansion towards the southeast.
Napoleon annexed Dalmatia to the Kingdom of Italy after his defeat of Trafalgar, hoping to purchase raw materials from the Levant. Following his downfall, the Imperial Royal States, the official name of Austria of the time, did not follow the suggestions of Croat generals to start expanding southeast of Dalmatia, because Metternich wanted to preserve the Ottoman Empire. In this period, the cultural heritage of Dalmatia gained prestige in Vienna. The Imperial Royal States drafted a modern Civil Code; built modern schools; arranged a new taxation system and the land registry; modernized harbours and lighthouses. The insurgency of Hungary in 1848 was provoked by the Croatian governor, lieutenant field marshal and count Josip Jelačić who terminated the insurgency and suggested to the Emperor to start the expansion towards the southeast. This happened in the 1870s, when Montenegro and Serbia became Austrian protectorates and when two Croatian lieutenant field marshals baron Josip Filipović and baron Stjepan Jovanović liberated the Ottoman eyalet Bosnia.

Neoclassicism; Dalmatia; Austria; France; Bosnia

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