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Zbornik Pravnog fakulteta u Zagrebu, Vol. 62 No. 5-6, 2012.

Izvorni znanstveni članak

European Antitrust Law in the Regulation Rome II

Vilim Bouček ; Faculty of Law, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia

Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (169 KB) str. 1731-1755 preuzimanja: 283* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Bouček, V. (2012). Europsko kartelno privatno pravo u Uredbi Rim II. Zbornik Pravnog fakulteta u Zagrebu, 62 (5-6), 1731-1755. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/100073
MLA 8th Edition
Bouček, Vilim. "Europsko kartelno privatno pravo u Uredbi Rim II." Zbornik Pravnog fakulteta u Zagrebu, vol. 62, br. 5-6, 2012, str. 1731-1755. https://hrcak.srce.hr/100073. Citirano 24.03.2019.
Chicago 17th Edition
Bouček, Vilim. "Europsko kartelno privatno pravo u Uredbi Rim II." Zbornik Pravnog fakulteta u Zagrebu 62, br. 5-6 (2012): 1731-1755. https://hrcak.srce.hr/100073
Harvard
Bouček, V. (2012). 'Europsko kartelno privatno pravo u Uredbi Rim II', Zbornik Pravnog fakulteta u Zagrebu, 62(5-6), str. 1731-1755. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/100073 (Datum pristupa: 24.03.2019.)
Vancouver
Bouček V. Europsko kartelno privatno pravo u Uredbi Rim II. Zbornik Pravnog fakulteta u Zagrebu [Internet]. 2012 [pristupljeno 24.03.2019.];62(5-6):1731-1755. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/100073
IEEE
V. Bouček, "Europsko kartelno privatno pravo u Uredbi Rim II", Zbornik Pravnog fakulteta u Zagrebu, vol.62, br. 5-6, str. 1731-1755, 2012. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/100073. [Citirano: 24.03.2019.]

Sažetak
The author analyses the special provisions of Article 6, paragraphs 3 and 4 of the Rome II Regulation, which constitute new European private antitrust law. After an outline of the legal solutions preceding these provisions - those contained in the national regulations concerning private international law of certain EU member states, the case law of the Court of the EU based on primary EU law, i.e. the provisions of Articles 101 and 102 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union (ex Articles 81 and 82 of the EC Treaty), and particularly Article 137 of the Swiss Private International Law Act of 1987 - the author analyses the said provisions of the Rome II Regulation, which protect free competition in terms of private international law.
Although Rome II regulates various aspects of protection of free competition, as regards the determination of applicable law for private law consequences of a breach of unfair competition clauses and restrictions of free competition, Article 6 of Rome II also applies locus laesionis. In principle, this provision calls for the application of lex loci laesionis, i.e. lex mercati; in other words, the law of the country in which the market has been affected. The author emphasises that the provision of Article 6, paragraph 3, point a should be interpreted in accordance with the above mentioned provisions of national laws of certain member states, case law of the Court of the EU, and of the said Swiss law, i.e. with regard to the law of the country „directly and substantially“ affected by the restriction of free competition.
As regards restrictions of free competition in terms of a breach of antitrust law affecting more than one member state, Rome II permits the application of the law of the country in which the defendant is domiciled (lex fori) on the basis of an escape clause. This is possible under the assumption that the market of that member state is in one of the countries directly and substantially affected by the restriction of free competition (Article 6, paragraph 3, point b, up to semi-colon). The author also points out a novelty in Rome II. If the claimant is suing more than one defendant, the claimant can choose to base the claim on lex fori if the restriction of free competition also affected the market in the country of the court (Article 6, paragraph 3, point b, after semi-colon).
When it comes to the tort provisions pertaining to restrictions of free competition, party autonomy is not permitted (Article 6, paragraph 4 of Rome II).
It can be expected that Article 6, paragraphs 3 and 4 of Rome II, as provisions of secondary EU legislation, will supplement the provisions of European antitrust private international law contained in Articles 101 and 102 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the EU (ex Articles. 81 and 82 of the EC Treaty), and that they will help assert in practice the private international law aspects of competition law.

Ključne riječi
tort conflicts; acts restricting free competition (antitrust); Regulation Rome II

Hrčak ID: 100073

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/100073

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