APA 6th Edition Szabo, G., Kocsis, L., Szanto, P. i Thamm, F. (2002). Effect of Long-Term Cycling Load for Abutment Screw Fixation in Implant Prosthodontics. Acta stomatologica Croatica, 36 (3), 324-324. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/10071
MLA 8th Edition Szabo, Gy., et al. "Effect of Long-Term Cycling Load for Abutment Screw Fixation in Implant Prosthodontics." Acta stomatologica Croatica, vol. 36, br. 3, 2002, str. 324-324. https://hrcak.srce.hr/10071. Citirano 05.12.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition Szabo, Gy., L. Kocsis, P. Szanto i F. Thamm. "Effect of Long-Term Cycling Load for Abutment Screw Fixation in Implant Prosthodontics." Acta stomatologica Croatica 36, br. 3 (2002): 324-324. https://hrcak.srce.hr/10071
Harvard Szabo, G., et al. (2002). 'Effect of Long-Term Cycling Load for Abutment Screw Fixation in Implant Prosthodontics', Acta stomatologica Croatica, 36(3), str. 324-324. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/10071 (Datum pristupa: 05.12.2020.)
Vancouver Szabo G, Kocsis L, Szanto P, Thamm F. Effect of Long-Term Cycling Load for Abutment Screw Fixation in Implant Prosthodontics. Acta stomatologica Croatica [Internet]. 2002 [pristupljeno 05.12.2020.];36(3):324-324. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/10071
IEEE G. Szabo, L. Kocsis, P. Szanto i F. Thamm, "Effect of Long-Term Cycling Load for Abutment Screw Fixation in Implant Prosthodontics", Acta stomatologica Croatica, vol.36, br. 3, str. 324-324, 2002. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/10071. [Citirano: 05.12.2020.]
Sažetak The aim of this in vitro study was to use rotational tests on commercially available abutment screws to evaluate their potential for preload generation and to follow changes in torque by using newer fixation geometry on the interface of the implant-abutment screw joint. Five identical implant/abutment assemblies were chosen from each of the following systems: external hex with standard abutment and Replace with TorgTite screw (Nobel Biocare), Camlog universal abutment (Altatec Biotechnologies), DenTi internal hex (Dentimplant Ltd. Szentes, Hungary), straight abutment with internal antirotational element (Uniplant, Sinalisal, Budapest). Wax patterns of the upper premolar were performed and then cast from nickel-chrome alloy and full crown castings were cemented on abutments. In a test machine the magnitude and time of chewing function was predefined by using the desired force pattern. Each specimen
was stressed for cycles equivalent to an intaoral load of 5 months or longer timescale. In the static test greater loss in torques was calculated for standard Branemark and Replace screw joints.
Assuming that the optimum proportion is the same when we calculate loosening versus tightening torque we obtained a decrease between 0.70-0.59 for Replace and Branemark abutments and a more moderate loss of between 0.90-0.84 for the other systems investigated. The ten month equivalent cycling test produced a loosening torque of 16-17 Ncm for Branemark and Replace abutments. Similar decrease in torque was not found for the
other three systems. It was concluded that different approach in achievement of necessary mechanical integration can be seen in implant systems, although a reliable loosening torque could be measured after a longer time scale.