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Professional paper

Works in Salona in 1870s and 1880s

Stanko Piplović

Fulltext: croatian, pdf (886 KB) pages 141-156 downloads: 578* cite
APA 6th Edition
Piplović, S. (2013). Arheološki radovi u Saloni 70. i 80. godina XIX. stoljeća. Tusculum, 6 (1), 141-156. Retrieved from https://hrcak.srce.hr/106504
MLA 8th Edition
Piplović, Stanko. "Arheološki radovi u Saloni 70. i 80. godina XIX. stoljeća." Tusculum, vol. 6, no. 1, 2013, pp. 141-156. https://hrcak.srce.hr/106504. Accessed 19 Jun. 2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Piplović, Stanko. "Arheološki radovi u Saloni 70. i 80. godina XIX. stoljeća." Tusculum 6, no. 1 (2013): 141-156. https://hrcak.srce.hr/106504
Harvard
Piplović, S. (2013). 'Arheološki radovi u Saloni 70. i 80. godina XIX. stoljeća', Tusculum, 6(1), pp. 141-156. Available at: https://hrcak.srce.hr/106504 (Accessed 19 June 2021)
Vancouver
Piplović S. Arheološki radovi u Saloni 70. i 80. godina XIX. stoljeća. Tusculum [Internet]. 2013 [cited 2021 June 19];6(1):141-156. Available from: https://hrcak.srce.hr/106504
IEEE
S. Piplović, "Arheološki radovi u Saloni 70. i 80. godina XIX. stoljeća", Tusculum, vol.6, no. 1, pp. 141-156, 2013. [Online]. Available: https://hrcak.srce.hr/106504. [Accessed: 19 June 2021]

Abstracts
Systematic excavations of the Roman Salona, the present day town of Solin, the capital of the large Roman Province of Dalmatia, begun in the early 19th century. They were improved from the mid century when expert and scientific institutions were being established in Vienna, including the Central Board for Research and Preservation of Art and Historic Monuments, followed by the Austrian Archaeological Institute. In the field were active conservators and correspondents, whose service was honorary. In the period of early excavations of Salona, greater attention was paid to pagan secular structures: the city walls and towers, the In Horto Metrodori cemetery, the theatre, the
Porta Caesarea city gate, and the amphitheatre. The first major activities dealing with Early Christian monuments were at the baptistery and the locality known as The Sixteen Sarcophagi
(Šesnaest sarkofaga). These were followed by the Manastirine, Marusinac and Kapljuč complexes and the city basilicas.
Excavations of material remains of Roman edifices performed in the 1970s and 1880s yielded important results. The main excavations took place at the Manastirine necropolis, north of the city, as early as then having been created a pretty clear picture of this intricate and multilayered complex of structures. Excavations continued at the site, led by more experienced conservators and archaeologists. A significant obstacle was acquisition of privately owned land.
Among the national experts engaged in the operations were conservators and directors of the Archaeological Museum in Split, the physician Francesco Lanza, the archaeologist Mihovil Glavinić, and the archaeologist Rev. Frane Bulić, the appointment of the latter
to the post of the Conservator of Antiquities of the Split Area having brought to new, more numerous, discoveries of the cultural heritage of Salona. Austrian scientists and university professors of Vienna also increasingly participated the excavations, first of all Alexander
Conze, Otto Bendorf, and the architect Alois Hauser. With their great erudition and authority they supported excavations in Solin before the Austrian national authorities. The technical documentation of the finds became of better quality, more detailed and precise. Commissioned were civil engineering experts who acted only as draughtsmen, not
participating in the excavations. Among them were the engineer Antonio Inchiostri and the building contractor Ante Bezić. Both acquired experience in particular graphical documenting of architectural monuments and assisted the conservators, later on especially Rev.
Frane Bulić. The most important events of the time were discovery of two Roman sarcophagi with relieves of the Good Shepherd, and Hyppolite and Phaedra at Manastirine in 1860. These were bought from their owners and transported to the Museum in Split in 1882. Important
was finding of a group of 16 Early Christian sarcophagi, north of the city walls, in 1871. Excavations of the Manastirine necropolis intensified in 1874. The city walls were protected at the time of building the railway line in 1875. Walkways through the archaeological area
were arranged for the visit of the Austrian emperor Franz Joseph I in 1875. Land around the amphitheatre was acquired and land ownership issues at other excavation sites were dealt with.

Keywords
Salona; Roman period; 19th century excavations; M. Glavinić; F. Bulić

Hrčak ID: 106504

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/106504

[croatian]

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