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Patch Test Reactions to Metal Salts in Patients with Different Types of Dermatitis

Petra Turčić ; Department of Pharmacology Faculty of Pharmacy and Biochemistry University of Zagreb Domagojeva 2, 10000 Zagreb
Sandra Marinović Kulišić
Jasna Lipozenčić

Fulltext: english, PDF (212 KB) pages 180-180 downloads: 493* cite
APA 6th Edition
Turčić, P., Marinović Kulišić, S. & Lipozenčić, J. (2013). Patch Test Reactions to Metal Salts in Patients with Different Types of Dermatitis. Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica, 21 (3), 180-180. Retrieved from https://hrcak.srce.hr/109925
MLA 8th Edition
Turčić, Petra, et al. "Patch Test Reactions to Metal Salts in Patients with Different Types of Dermatitis." Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica, vol. 21, no. 3, 2013, pp. 180-180. https://hrcak.srce.hr/109925. Accessed 5 Dec. 2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Turčić, Petra, Sandra Marinović Kulišić and Jasna Lipozenčić. "Patch Test Reactions to Metal Salts in Patients with Different Types of Dermatitis." Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica 21, no. 3 (2013): 180-180. https://hrcak.srce.hr/109925
Harvard
Turčić, P., Marinović Kulišić, S., and Lipozenčić, J. (2013). 'Patch Test Reactions to Metal Salts in Patients with Different Types of Dermatitis', Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica, 21(3), pp. 180-180. Available at: https://hrcak.srce.hr/109925 (Accessed 05 December 2021)
Vancouver
Turčić P, Marinović Kulišić S, Lipozenčić J. Patch Test Reactions to Metal Salts in Patients with Different Types of Dermatitis. Acta Dermatovenerol Croat. [Internet]. 2013 [cited 2021 December 05];21(3):180-180. Available from: https://hrcak.srce.hr/109925
IEEE
P. Turčić, S. Marinović Kulišić and J. Lipozenčić, "Patch Test Reactions to Metal Salts in Patients with Different Types of Dermatitis", Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica, vol.21, no. 3, pp. 180-180, 2013. [Online]. Available: https://hrcak.srce.hr/109925. [Accessed: 05 December 2021]

Abstracts

Background: Metal allergies can be clinical problem, especially in atopic individuals. This study is unique and contributes with new knowledge in everyday life skin care of irritant and atopic dermatitis patients.

Objectives: The aim of the study was to determine the frequency of positive patch test reactions to metal contact allergens (potassium dichromate, cobalt chloride, nickel sulphate, white mercury precipitate) in patients diagnosed with allergic contact dermatitis, irritant contact dermatitis, and atopic dermatitis.

Patients and Methods: Between 2007 and 2011, patch testing was performed in 2185 patients according to International Contact Dermatitis Research Group technique.

Results: Study results showed statistically significant differences in patch test responses to 2 allergens, nickel sulphate (χ2 = 24.22; p < 0.001) and cobalt chloride (χ2 = 22.72; p < 0.001). Nickel sulphate was the most common allergen in allergic contact dermatitis and atopic dermatitis, while for irritant contact dermatitis the most common allergen was cobalt chloride. Among the 4 tested metal allergens the most common and relevant was nickel sulphate (χ2 = 17.25; p < 0.004), found in almost all examinees.

Conclusion: The increased awareness of allergens and their potential sources may help to limit the use of these chemicals in consumer product manufacturing.

Keywords
contact dermatitis; patch testing; potassium dichromate; cobalt chloride; nickel sulphate; white mercury precipitate

Hrčak ID: 109925

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/109925

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