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Treatment of Osteoporotic Fractures of the Spine

Gojko Buljat
Darko Perović

Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (172 KB) str. 49-54 preuzimanja: 1.113* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Buljat, G. i Perović, D. (2007). Mogućnosti liječenja osteoporotskih prijeloma kralježnice. Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju, 58 (1), 49-54. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/10621
MLA 8th Edition
Buljat, Gojko i Darko Perović. "Mogućnosti liječenja osteoporotskih prijeloma kralježnice." Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju, vol. 58, br. 1, 2007, str. 49-54. https://hrcak.srce.hr/10621. Citirano 18.09.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Buljat, Gojko i Darko Perović. "Mogućnosti liječenja osteoporotskih prijeloma kralježnice." Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju 58, br. 1 (2007): 49-54. https://hrcak.srce.hr/10621
Harvard
Buljat, G., i Perović, D. (2007). 'Mogućnosti liječenja osteoporotskih prijeloma kralježnice', Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju, 58(1), str. 49-54. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/10621 (Datum pristupa: 18.09.2020.)
Vancouver
Buljat G, Perović D. Mogućnosti liječenja osteoporotskih prijeloma kralježnice. Arh Hig Rada Toksikol. [Internet]. 2007 [pristupljeno 18.09.2020.];58(1):49-54. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/10621
IEEE
G. Buljat i D. Perović, "Mogućnosti liječenja osteoporotskih prijeloma kralježnice", Arhiv za higijenu rada i toksikologiju, vol.58, br. 1, str. 49-54, 2007. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/10621. [Citirano: 18.09.2020.]

Sažetak
Osteoporosis is a skeletal disease characterized by reduced bone strength due to the loss of bone mass, structural disproportion and reduced calcium level as well as changes in the bone structure caused by trabecular deficit. The loss of bone mass in the vertebrae leads to an increased risk of fractures. Osteoporotic vertebral fractures are two to three times more frequent than hip fractures, especially in women. Osteoporotic compressive fractures of the spine mostly occur in the middle and lower thoracic spine and in the thoracolumbar spine. Common consequences of fractures include long-term pains, decrease in the height and spinal deformity, which significantly correlate with disorders in the gait and mobility, reduced pulmonary function, loss of appetite and in the end increased mortality. Clinical picture in acute conditions manifests itself as a sudden pain in the back following minimal trauma but also often without any trauma at all. Diagnostics is based on a detailed medical history and a thorough clinical examination. Radiological diagnosis relies on standard x-rays. In case of clinical indication (differential diagnosis of tumor or spondylitis, neurological weakness) CT and/or MR imaging is performed. The approach to the treatment of osteoporotic fractures of the spine is individual and is based upon the medical history, localization of symptoms and correlation of the clinical examination with the radiological finding. Open reduction, decompression and fixation are indicated in patients with posttraumatic stenosis and neurological weakness. Current operative methods include vertebroplasty and kyphoplasty, which significantly reduce pain and improve mobility of the patient and consequently, the quality of life.

Ključne riječi
kyphoplasty; pain; posttraumatic stenosis; spine decompression; quality of life; vertebroplasty

Hrčak ID: 10621

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/10621

[hrvatski]

Posjeta: 1.945 *