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https://doi.org/10.13044/j.sdewes.2013.01.0027

Potential of ORC Systems to Retrofit CHP Plants in Wastewater Treatment Stations

Ricardo Chacartegui   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0001-7285-8661 ; Department of Energy Engineering, University of Seville, Seville, Spain
Jose Muñoz de Escalona ; Department of Energy Engineering, University of Seville, Seville, Spain
Jose A. Becerra ; Department of Energy Engineering, University of Seville, Seville, Spain
Alonso Fernández ; Department of Energy Engineering, University of Seville, Seville, Spain
David Sánchez ; Department of Energy Engineering, University of Seville, Seville, Spain

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (1 MB) str. 352-374 preuzimanja: 430* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Chacartegui, R., Muñoz de Escalona, J., Becerra, J.A., Fernández, A. i Sánchez, D. (2013). Potential of ORC Systems to Retrofit CHP Plants in Wastewater Treatment Stations. Journal of Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems, 1 (4), 352-374. https://doi.org/10.13044/j.sdewes.2013.01.0027
MLA 8th Edition
Chacartegui, Ricardo, et al. "Potential of ORC Systems to Retrofit CHP Plants in Wastewater Treatment Stations." Journal of Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems, vol. 1, br. 4, 2013, str. 352-374. https://doi.org/10.13044/j.sdewes.2013.01.0027. Citirano 01.08.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Chacartegui, Ricardo, Jose Muñoz de Escalona, Jose A. Becerra, Alonso Fernández i David Sánchez. "Potential of ORC Systems to Retrofit CHP Plants in Wastewater Treatment Stations." Journal of Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems 1, br. 4 (2013): 352-374. https://doi.org/10.13044/j.sdewes.2013.01.0027
Harvard
Chacartegui, R., et al. (2013). 'Potential of ORC Systems to Retrofit CHP Plants in Wastewater Treatment Stations', Journal of Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems, 1(4), str. 352-374. https://doi.org/10.13044/j.sdewes.2013.01.0027
Vancouver
Chacartegui R, Muñoz de Escalona J, Becerra JA, Fernández A, Sánchez D. Potential of ORC Systems to Retrofit CHP Plants in Wastewater Treatment Stations. Journal of Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems [Internet]. 2013 [pristupljeno 01.08.2021.];1(4):352-374. https://doi.org/10.13044/j.sdewes.2013.01.0027
IEEE
R. Chacartegui, J. Muñoz de Escalona, J.A. Becerra, A. Fernández i D. Sánchez, "Potential of ORC Systems to Retrofit CHP Plants in Wastewater Treatment Stations", Journal of Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems, vol.1, br. 4, str. 352-374, 2013. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.13044/j.sdewes.2013.01.0027

Sažetak
Wastewater treatment stations take advantage of the biogas produced from sludge in anaerobic digesters to generate electricity (reciprocating gas engines) and heat (cooling water and engine exhaust gases). A fraction of this electricity is used to operate the plant while the remaining is sold to the grid. Heat is almost entirely used to support the endothermic anaerobic digestion and a minimum fraction of it is rejected to the environment at a set of fan coolers. This generic description is applicable to on-design conditions. Nevertheless, the operating conditions of the plant present a large seasonal variation so it is commonly found that the fraction of heat rejected to the atmosphere increases significantly at certain times of the year. Moreover, the heat available in the exhaust gases of the reciprocating engine is at a very high temperature (around 650 ºC), which is far from the temperature at which heat is needed for the digestion of sludge (around 40 ºC in the digesters). This temperature difference offers an opportunity to introduce an intermediate system between the engines and the digesters that makes use of a fraction of the available heat to convert it into electricity. An Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC) with an appropriate working fluid is an adequate candidate for these hot/cold temperature sources. In this paper, the techno-economic effect of adding an Organic Rankine Cycle as the intermediate system of an existing wastewater treatment station is analysed. On this purpose, different working fluids and system layouts have been studied for a reference wastewater treatment station giving rise to optimal systems configurations. The proposed systems yield very promising results with regard to global efficiency and electricity production (thermodynamically and economically).

Ključne riječi
CHP; ORC; Organic Rankine Cycle; Wastewater treatment station; Cogeneration

Hrčak ID: 112484

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/112484

Posjeta: 780 *