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Preliminary communication

Determining the Developmental Level of Artistic Expression in Students with Cerebral Palsy

Sanela Pacić ; Resource Center for Special Education, University of Belgrade
Srećko Potić ; Resource Center for Special Education, University of Belgrade
Milena Milićević ; Institute of Criminological and Sociological Research
Fadilj Eminović ; Faculty for Special Education and Rehabilitation, University of Belgrade
Radmila Nikić ; Faculty for Special Education and Rehabilitation, University of Belgrade

Fulltext: english, pdf (912 KB) pages 1069-1098 downloads: 226* cite
APA 6th Edition
Pacić, S., Potić, S., Milićević, M., Eminović, F. & Nikić, R. (2013). Determining the Developmental Level of Artistic Expression in Students with Cerebral Palsy. Croatian Journal of Education, 15 (4), 1069-1098. Retrieved from https://hrcak.srce.hr/113283
MLA 8th Edition
Pacić, Sanela, et al. "Determining the Developmental Level of Artistic Expression in Students with Cerebral Palsy." Croatian Journal of Education, vol. 15, no. 4, 2013, pp. 1069-1098. https://hrcak.srce.hr/113283. Accessed 26 Nov. 2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Pacić, Sanela, Srećko Potić, Milena Milićević, Fadilj Eminović and Radmila Nikić. "Determining the Developmental Level of Artistic Expression in Students with Cerebral Palsy." Croatian Journal of Education 15, no. 4 (2013): 1069-1098. https://hrcak.srce.hr/113283
Harvard
Pacić, S., et al. (2013). 'Determining the Developmental Level of Artistic Expression in Students with Cerebral Palsy', Croatian Journal of Education, 15(4), pp. 1069-1098. Available at: https://hrcak.srce.hr/113283 (Accessed 26 November 2020)
Vancouver
Pacić S, Potić S, Milićević M, Eminović F, Nikić R. Determining the Developmental Level of Artistic Expression in Students with Cerebral Palsy. Croatian Journal of Education [Internet]. 2013 [cited 2020 November 26];15(4):1069-1098. Available from: https://hrcak.srce.hr/113283
IEEE
S. Pacić, S. Potić, M. Milićević, F. Eminović and R. Nikić, "Determining the Developmental Level of Artistic Expression in Students with Cerebral Palsy", Croatian Journal of Education, vol.15, no. 4, pp. 1069-1098, 2013. [Online]. Available: https://hrcak.srce.hr/113283. [Accessed: 26 November 2020]
Fulltext: croatian, pdf (912 KB) pages 1069-1098 downloads: 479* cite
APA 6th Edition
Pacić, S., Potić, S., Milićević, M., Eminović, F. & Nikić, R. (2013). Utvrđivanje razvojnog stupnja likovnog izražavanja kod učenika s cerebralnom paralizom. Croatian Journal of Education, 15 (4), 1069-1098. Retrieved from https://hrcak.srce.hr/113283
MLA 8th Edition
Pacić, Sanela, et al. "Utvrđivanje razvojnog stupnja likovnog izražavanja kod učenika s cerebralnom paralizom." Croatian Journal of Education, vol. 15, no. 4, 2013, pp. 1069-1098. https://hrcak.srce.hr/113283. Accessed 26 Nov. 2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Pacić, Sanela, Srećko Potić, Milena Milićević, Fadilj Eminović and Radmila Nikić. "Utvrđivanje razvojnog stupnja likovnog izražavanja kod učenika s cerebralnom paralizom." Croatian Journal of Education 15, no. 4 (2013): 1069-1098. https://hrcak.srce.hr/113283
Harvard
Pacić, S., et al. (2013). 'Utvrđivanje razvojnog stupnja likovnog izražavanja kod učenika s cerebralnom paralizom', Croatian Journal of Education, 15(4), pp. 1069-1098. Available at: https://hrcak.srce.hr/113283 (Accessed 26 November 2020)
Vancouver
Pacić S, Potić S, Milićević M, Eminović F, Nikić R. Utvrđivanje razvojnog stupnja likovnog izražavanja kod učenika s cerebralnom paralizom. Croatian Journal of Education [Internet]. 2013 [cited 2020 November 26];15(4):1069-1098. Available from: https://hrcak.srce.hr/113283
IEEE
S. Pacić, S. Potić, M. Milićević, F. Eminović and R. Nikić, "Utvrđivanje razvojnog stupnja likovnog izražavanja kod učenika s cerebralnom paralizom", Croatian Journal of Education, vol.15, no. 4, pp. 1069-1098, 2013. [Online]. Available: https://hrcak.srce.hr/113283. [Accessed: 26 November 2020]

Abstracts
Drawings are a significant determinant of children’s maturation and can be considered a reflection of the achieved level of a child’s intellectual abilities, but also an indicator of a child’s maturity and his or her emotional adaptation. The aim of this study was to determine the developmental level of artistic expression in students with cerebral palsy through the estimation of developmental stage by interpreting human figure drawings, and through defining the characteristics of artistic expression in relation to gender, age, type of school, grade, and upper limbs laterality of students with cerebral palsy. The study was conducted on the sample of 37 elementary school students, of both genders, aged 8–19, and diagnosed with cerebral palsy. The developmental level of artistic expression was determined on the basis of the stages determined as the criteria for human figure drawings. The results show that in the population of students with cerebral palsy the most frequent developmental stage of artistic expression was the Beginning of Conventional Drawings of human figures; that the better achievement with the statistical significance was found in girls when compared to boys (p < 0.05), among participants from regular school in relation to participants from special school (p < 0.01), among older participants as compared to participants from junior grades (p < 0.05), and in participants aged 12–14 when compared to those from the group of 8–11 years of age (p < 0.05).These findings indicate that children with cerebral palsy go through different developmental stages of artistic expression more slowly than typically developing children, which may be a onsequence of primary disability, experiential factors, and specific development of these children.

Keywords
age; elementary school; gender; human figure drawings; specific development

Hrčak ID: 113283

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/113283

[croatian]

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