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Marmaray Bosphorus crossıng project: surveying activity and geodetic monitoring

Engin Gülal ; Yildiz Technical University, Department of Geomatics Engineering, Istanbul, Turkey

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (3 MB) str. 1-7 preuzimanja: 1.426* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Gülal, E. (2014). Marmaray Bosphorus crossıng project: surveying activity and geodetic monitoring. Tehnički vjesnik, 21 (1), 1-7. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/116568
MLA 8th Edition
Gülal, Engin. "Marmaray Bosphorus crossıng project: surveying activity and geodetic monitoring." Tehnički vjesnik, vol. 21, br. 1, 2014, str. 1-7. https://hrcak.srce.hr/116568. Citirano 04.03.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Gülal, Engin. "Marmaray Bosphorus crossıng project: surveying activity and geodetic monitoring." Tehnički vjesnik 21, br. 1 (2014): 1-7. https://hrcak.srce.hr/116568
Harvard
Gülal, E. (2014). 'Marmaray Bosphorus crossıng project: surveying activity and geodetic monitoring', Tehnički vjesnik, 21(1), str. 1-7. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/116568 (Datum pristupa: 04.03.2021.)
Vancouver
Gülal E. Marmaray Bosphorus crossıng project: surveying activity and geodetic monitoring. Tehnički vjesnik [Internet]. 2014 [pristupljeno 04.03.2021.];21(1):1-7. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/116568
IEEE
E. Gülal, "Marmaray Bosphorus crossıng project: surveying activity and geodetic monitoring", Tehnički vjesnik, vol.21, br. 1, str. 1-7, 2014. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/116568. [Citirano: 04.03.2021.]
Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (3 MB) str. 1-7 preuzimanja: 555* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Gülal, E. (2014). Marmaray projekt prelaska Bosfora: geodetske djelatnosti i geodetsko praćenje. Tehnički vjesnik, 21 (1), 1-7. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/116568
MLA 8th Edition
Gülal, Engin. "Marmaray projekt prelaska Bosfora: geodetske djelatnosti i geodetsko praćenje." Tehnički vjesnik, vol. 21, br. 1, 2014, str. 1-7. https://hrcak.srce.hr/116568. Citirano 04.03.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Gülal, Engin. "Marmaray projekt prelaska Bosfora: geodetske djelatnosti i geodetsko praćenje." Tehnički vjesnik 21, br. 1 (2014): 1-7. https://hrcak.srce.hr/116568
Harvard
Gülal, E. (2014). 'Marmaray projekt prelaska Bosfora: geodetske djelatnosti i geodetsko praćenje', Tehnički vjesnik, 21(1), str. 1-7. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/116568 (Datum pristupa: 04.03.2021.)
Vancouver
Gülal E. Marmaray projekt prelaska Bosfora: geodetske djelatnosti i geodetsko praćenje. Tehnički vjesnik [Internet]. 2014 [pristupljeno 04.03.2021.];21(1):1-7. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/116568
IEEE
E. Gülal, "Marmaray projekt prelaska Bosfora: geodetske djelatnosti i geodetsko praćenje", Tehnički vjesnik, vol.21, br. 1, str. 1-7, 2014. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/116568. [Citirano: 04.03.2021.]

Sažetak
The ongoing Marmaray Project is one of the largest transportation infrastructure projects in the world. The total length of the over ground and underground Marmaray project is 76,7 km. The first part of project is the Bosphorus Crossing (BC1) with a length of 13,6 km. The BC1 project contains the construction of three bored tunnels and immersed tunnel under the Istanbul Strait. The construction studies in the tunnels and immersing tube were completed in the beginning of 2012. The planning and design of engineering projects are the main study focus of the engineering survey which is a basic requirement for many engineering projects. This paper explains the recent advances in engineering surveying operations, such as establishing the geodetic control network, deformation monitoring and as-built surveys, in the scope of BC1 project. The experiences gained during the measurement studies are presented as a guide for similar projects that will be realized in the future.

Ključne riječi
geodetic monitoring; Marmaray; surveying; tunnel

Hrčak ID: 116568

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/116568

[hrvatski]

Posjeta: 2.508 *