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Somatotype of Elite Italian Gymnasts

Myosotis Massidda ; University of Cagliari, Department of Life and Environmental Sciences, Monserrato, Italy
Stefania Toselli ; University of Bologna, Department of Experimental Evolutionary Biology, Bologna, Italy
Patricia Brasili ; University of Bologna, Department of Experimental Evolutionary Biology, Bologna, Italy
Carla M. Calo ; University of Cagliari, Department of Life and Environmental Sciences, Monserrato, Italy

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (167 KB) str. 853-857 preuzimanja: 556* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Massidda, M., Toselli, S., Brasili, P. i M. Calo, C. (2013). Somatotype of Elite Italian Gymnasts. Collegium antropologicum, 37 (3), 853-857. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/118281
MLA 8th Edition
Massidda, Myosotis, et al. "Somatotype of Elite Italian Gymnasts." Collegium antropologicum, vol. 37, br. 3, 2013, str. 853-857. https://hrcak.srce.hr/118281. Citirano 09.05.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Massidda, Myosotis, Stefania Toselli, Patricia Brasili i Carla M. Calo. "Somatotype of Elite Italian Gymnasts." Collegium antropologicum 37, br. 3 (2013): 853-857. https://hrcak.srce.hr/118281
Harvard
Massidda, M., et al. (2013). 'Somatotype of Elite Italian Gymnasts', Collegium antropologicum, 37(3), str. 853-857. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/118281 (Datum pristupa: 09.05.2021.)
Vancouver
Massidda M, Toselli S, Brasili P, M. Calo C. Somatotype of Elite Italian Gymnasts. Collegium antropologicum [Internet]. 2013 [pristupljeno 09.05.2021.];37(3):853-857. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/118281
IEEE
M. Massidda, S. Toselli, P. Brasili i C. M. Calo, "Somatotype of Elite Italian Gymnasts", Collegium antropologicum, vol.37, br. 3, str. 853-857, 2013. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/118281. [Citirano: 09.05.2021.]

Sažetak
The somatotyping method is especially helpful in sports in which the body could directly influence the biomechanics of movements and the performance’s results. The purpose of this study was to determine the somatotype of elite Italian gymnasts and to compare it in terms of competition levels. The sample comprised 64 elite gymnasts (42 females (F), somatotype 1.4-4.4-3.2; and 22 males (M), somatotype 1.6-6.3-2.1) belonging to the Italian National Artistic Gymnastic Team (2007) at different competition levels: Allieve, Junior, and Senior. Mean whole somatotypes, by competition levels, were not significantly different in both sexes (Female gymnasts: Allieve, 1.3-4.6-3.3; Junior, 1.3-4.2-3.6; Senior, 1.7-4.2- 2.7; Male gymnasts: Junior, 1.5-6.3-2.5; Senior, 1.7-6.3-1.6). Male Junior gymnasts exhibited greater ectomorphy than Senior athletes (F 1,20 =7.75, p<0.01). Compared to other elite athletes male and female gymnasts tend to be less endo- morphic and more mesomorphic. This study highlighted the peculiarities of the somatotype of Italian elite gymnasts and their strong homogeneity, evident also from the low values of somatotype attitudinal mean (SAM). The results emphasize the need for a specific somatotype to reach an elite level in sport and the need to integrate the somatotype analysis between the scientific instruments for selecting talent also in artistic gymnastics.

Ključne riječi
anthropometry; artistic gymnastics; somatotype; elite athletes

Hrčak ID: 118281

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/118281

Posjeta: 958 *