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The Relationship between Body Structure and the Socio-Economic Status in Hungarian Children and Adolescents

Annamaria Zsakai ; Department of Biological Anthropology, Eotvos Lorand University, Budapest, Hungary
Eva B Bodzsar ; Department of Biological Anthropology, Eotvos Lorand University, Budapest, Hungary

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (158 KB) str. 479-485 preuzimanja: 238* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Zsakai, A. i Bodzsar, E.B. (2014). The Relationship between Body Structure and the Socio-Economic Status in Hungarian Children and Adolescents. Collegium antropologicum, 38 (2), 479-485. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/124991
MLA 8th Edition
Zsakai, Annamaria i Eva B Bodzsar. "The Relationship between Body Structure and the Socio-Economic Status in Hungarian Children and Adolescents." Collegium antropologicum, vol. 38, br. 2, 2014, str. 479-485. https://hrcak.srce.hr/124991. Citirano 28.10.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Zsakai, Annamaria i Eva B Bodzsar. "The Relationship between Body Structure and the Socio-Economic Status in Hungarian Children and Adolescents." Collegium antropologicum 38, br. 2 (2014): 479-485. https://hrcak.srce.hr/124991
Harvard
Zsakai, A., i Bodzsar, E.B. (2014). 'The Relationship between Body Structure and the Socio-Economic Status in Hungarian Children and Adolescents', Collegium antropologicum, 38(2), str. 479-485. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/124991 (Datum pristupa: 28.10.2020.)
Vancouver
Zsakai A, Bodzsar EB. The Relationship between Body Structure and the Socio-Economic Status in Hungarian Children and Adolescents. Collegium antropologicum [Internet]. 2014 [pristupljeno 28.10.2020.];38(2):479-485. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/124991
IEEE
A. Zsakai i E.B. Bodzsar, "The Relationship between Body Structure and the Socio-Economic Status in Hungarian Children and Adolescents", Collegium antropologicum, vol.38, br. 2, str. 479-485, 2014. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/124991. [Citirano: 28.10.2020.]

Sažetak
Among the numerous factors that influence the pattern of children’s growth and development there are factors of the changeable socio-economic environment. The inequalities among the socio-economic strata in the Hungarian society have increased during last decades. The main objective of the study was to examine the body structure of children and adolescents living in different socio-economic backgrounds. The subjects of the present paper (9479 boys, 9304 girls) were examined in the 2nd Hungarian National Growth Study 2003–2006. Body structure was assessed by some absolute body
dimensions, BMI, body composition and body shape indices. Children were grouped into relatively good, average and poor socio-economic subgroups by considering the education and occupation of the parents as well as the number of children in the family. Significant differences were found in the body structure of children varying in the socio-economic background: the better the socio-economic conditions the higher stature in both genders, while the lower relative fatness
was found only in pubertal girls. The prevalence of unhealthy nutritional statuses (both underweight and overweight/obese) was significantly lower in children living in better socio-economic conditions in both genders. Differences that were found in the body structure of children living in different socio-economic backgrounds emphasize the importance of using reference growth values layered also to socio-economic strata for screening nutritional status in childhood and adolescence.

Ključne riječi
2nd Hungarian National Growth Study (2003–2006); socio-economic background; nutritional status; body composition; somatotype

Hrčak ID: 124991

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/124991

Posjeta: 369 *