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Association between Socioeconomic Status and Obesity in Children

Vesna Bilić-Kirin ; Institute of Public Health of Osijek-Baranya County, Department of School Medicine, Osijek, Croatia
Rudika Gmajnić ; »J. J. Strossmayer« University, School of Medicine, Osijek, Croatia
Jelena Burazin ; Institute of Public Health of Osijek-Baranya County, Department of School Medicine, Osijek, Croatia
Valerija Miličić ; »J. J. Strossmayer« University, School of Medicine, Osijek, Croatia
Vesna Buljan ; »J. J. Strossmayer« University, School of Medicine, Osijek, Croatia
Marija Ivanko ; »J. J. Strossmayer« University, School of Medicine, Osijek, Croatia

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (78 KB) str. 553-558 preuzimanja: 413* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Bilić-Kirin, V., Gmajnić, R., Burazin, J., Miličić, V., Buljan, V. i Ivanko, M. (2014). Association between Socioeconomic Status and Obesity in Children. Collegium antropologicum, 38 (2), 553-558. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/127560
MLA 8th Edition
Bilić-Kirin, Vesna, et al. "Association between Socioeconomic Status and Obesity in Children." Collegium antropologicum, vol. 38, br. 2, 2014, str. 553-558. https://hrcak.srce.hr/127560. Citirano 25.10.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Bilić-Kirin, Vesna, Rudika Gmajnić, Jelena Burazin, Valerija Miličić, Vesna Buljan i Marija Ivanko. "Association between Socioeconomic Status and Obesity in Children." Collegium antropologicum 38, br. 2 (2014): 553-558. https://hrcak.srce.hr/127560
Harvard
Bilić-Kirin, V., et al. (2014). 'Association between Socioeconomic Status and Obesity in Children', Collegium antropologicum, 38(2), str. 553-558. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/127560 (Datum pristupa: 25.10.2020.)
Vancouver
Bilić-Kirin V, Gmajnić R, Burazin J, Miličić V, Buljan V, Ivanko M. Association between Socioeconomic Status and Obesity in Children. Collegium antropologicum [Internet]. 2014 [pristupljeno 25.10.2020.];38(2):553-558. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/127560
IEEE
V. Bilić-Kirin, R. Gmajnić, J. Burazin, V. Miličić, V. Buljan i M. Ivanko, "Association between Socioeconomic Status and Obesity in Children", Collegium antropologicum, vol.38, br. 2, str. 553-558, 2014. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/127560. [Citirano: 25.10.2020.]

Sažetak
The perception of obesity among people has not changed significantly regardless numerous public educational programs. Reasons for obesity pandemics are numerous and complex, but can be mostly resumed to life-style changes. The aim of this research was to determine connection between socioeconomic factors and obesity with children of our region. Study included pupils aged 7-8 from 19 first grades in 8 primary schools in Osijek-Baranya County. Body height and weight were measured and socioeconomic data status were collected. Socioeconomic status included data on marital status, educational level, employment, number of children in the family, kindergarten attendance and urban/rural location and also smoking habits of parents. BMI was calculated as a parameter for obesity assessment according to Croatian reference values. Total of 372 children were measured. There were 6.5% of overweight children (BMI between 90th and 97th percentile) and 2.4% of obese children (BMI above 97th percentile). The prevalence of obese children in our research was 8.9%. Obesity is not influenced by rural/urban residence, marital status of parents, number of children in the family, mother’s education, or by parents’ smoking habits. Positive correlation between obesity and father’s education and parents’ unemployment was found. Available literature data, same as our study, did not show consistent association between socioeconomic factors and obesity with children. Contradictory results of different studies can be a result of a small sample, difference in study design and different criteria for defining categories within investigated socioeconomic factor.

Ključne riječi
socioeconomic status; school children; overweight; obesity; BMI; body height; body weight; measures

Hrčak ID: 127560

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/127560

Posjeta: 660 *