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A Study on the Quality of Outpatient Prescription of Psychopharmaceuticals in the City of Zagreb 2006 – 2009

Krešimir Živković ; University of Zagreb, University Hospital Centre Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
Ana Zelić ; General Practice Office »dr. Vesna Plešić«, Zagreb, Croatia
Danijela Štimac ; »Dr. Andrija Štampar« Institute of Public Health, Zagreb, Croatia
Sanja Ožić ; »Dr. Andrija Štampar« Institute of Public Health, Zagreb, Croatia
Nikica Živković ; Šibenik-Knin County General Hospital, Department of Gynaecology and Obstetrics, Šibenik, Croatia

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (314 KB) str. 717-724 preuzimanja: 202* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Živković, K., Zelić, A., Štimac, D., Ožić, S. i Živković, N. (2014). A Study on the Quality of Outpatient Prescription of Psychopharmaceuticals in the City of Zagreb 2006 – 2009. Collegium antropologicum, 38 (2), 717-724. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/127614
MLA 8th Edition
Živković, Krešimir, et al. "A Study on the Quality of Outpatient Prescription of Psychopharmaceuticals in the City of Zagreb 2006 – 2009." Collegium antropologicum, vol. 38, br. 2, 2014, str. 717-724. https://hrcak.srce.hr/127614. Citirano 25.02.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Živković, Krešimir, Ana Zelić, Danijela Štimac, Sanja Ožić i Nikica Živković. "A Study on the Quality of Outpatient Prescription of Psychopharmaceuticals in the City of Zagreb 2006 – 2009." Collegium antropologicum 38, br. 2 (2014): 717-724. https://hrcak.srce.hr/127614
Harvard
Živković, K., et al. (2014). 'A Study on the Quality of Outpatient Prescription of Psychopharmaceuticals in the City of Zagreb 2006 – 2009', Collegium antropologicum, 38(2), str. 717-724. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/127614 (Datum pristupa: 25.02.2020.)
Vancouver
Živković K, Zelić A, Štimac D, Ožić S, Živković N. A Study on the Quality of Outpatient Prescription of Psychopharmaceuticals in the City of Zagreb 2006 – 2009. Collegium antropologicum [Internet]. 2014 [pristupljeno 25.02.2020.];38(2):717-724. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/127614
IEEE
K. Živković, A. Zelić, D. Štimac, S. Ožić i N. Živković, "A Study on the Quality of Outpatient Prescription of Psychopharmaceuticals in the City of Zagreb 2006 – 2009", Collegium antropologicum, vol.38, br. 2, str. 717-724, 2014. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/127614. [Citirano: 25.02.2020.]

Sažetak
The lack of Croatian studies which could determine the justifiability of excessive psychopharmaceutical utilization was an encouragement to conduct this research. Furthermore, regarding the conduction of this study, it would be possible to determine whether the trend of drug utilization has increased, decreased or perhaps stabilized. The data on the outpatient utilization of psycholeptics and psychoanaleptics were collected from all Zagreb pharmacies, 2006-2009. Based on the collected data for all N05 and N06 groups of drugs, the defined daily doses (DDD) and DDD per thousand inhabitants per day (DDD/TID) have been calculated using the Anatomical-Therapeutic-Chemical classification (ATC) for 2006, 2007, 2008 and 2009. To indicate the quality of drug prescription the Drug Utilization 90% (DU 90%) method was used. Moreover, in order to determine a more precise quality of individual drug group prescriptions, the indicators have been calculated by determining the proportion of the total utilization of individual therapeutic and pharmacological therapeutic subgroups in DDD/TID a day. The utilization of anxiolytics (N05B) accounts for most of the psycholeptic utilization in the City of Zagreb throughout the entire study period. In the study period, the utilization of antidepressants has slightly increased, by 10.5%, taking the first and the last years of the period into account. In 2006, 5 benzodiazepines and the hypnotic zolpidem, as well as 5 selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) and 1 third generation antipsychotic (olanzapin) were found in the DU 90% segment. In 2009, the DU 90% segment also comprised 5 benzodiazepines and the hypnotic zolpidem, as well as 6 SSRIs and 1 third generation antipsychotic (olanzapin). In the City of Zagreb, a general insight into the quality of psychopharmaceutical prescriptions indicates stability in comparison to earlier studies. The ratio index of the first generation antipsychotic utilization, compared to the third generation antipsychotics, shows an increase in the quality of prescription. Also, the ratio index of total tricyclic antidepressants (TCA) and SSRI utilization indicates improvement in quality of prescription. The ratio index of the entire outpatient utilization of anxiolytics and antidepressants expressed in DDD/TID unfortunately shows a very mild increase of prescription quality. Benzodiazepines accounted for more than 50% of the outpatient utilization of psychopharmaceuticals throughout the study period, which proves the need for precise guidelines as the most significant means of drug rationalization and utilization. It is necessary to identify priorities and problems in order to solve them successfully, by monitoring drug utilization and prescription on a national level. Results demonstrate that within the primary health care system, there is a need for constant education on rational prescription of this drug group.

Ključne riječi
psychotropic drugs; pharmaceutical epidemiology; drug utilization; public health; Croatia; Zagreb; ATC/DDD methodology

Hrčak ID: 127614

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/127614

Posjeta: 326 *