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Stručni rad
https://doi.org/10.7225/toms.v03.n02.005

Dual-Fuel-Electric Propulsion Machinery Concept on LNG Carriers

Joško Dvornik   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0001-6177-1624 ; University of Split, Faculty of Maritime Studies, Split, Croatia
Srđan Dvornik ; University of Split, Faculty of Maritime Studies, Split, Croatia

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (1 MB) str. 137-148 preuzimanja: 4.181* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Dvornik, J. i Dvornik, S. (2014). Dual-Fuel-Electric Propulsion Machinery Concept on LNG Carriers. Transactions on Maritime Science, 03 (02), 137-148. https://doi.org/10.7225/toms.v03.n02.005
MLA 8th Edition
Dvornik, Joško i Srđan Dvornik. "Dual-Fuel-Electric Propulsion Machinery Concept on LNG Carriers." Transactions on Maritime Science, vol. 03, br. 02, 2014, str. 137-148. https://doi.org/10.7225/toms.v03.n02.005. Citirano 06.12.2019.
Chicago 17th Edition
Dvornik, Joško i Srđan Dvornik. "Dual-Fuel-Electric Propulsion Machinery Concept on LNG Carriers." Transactions on Maritime Science 03, br. 02 (2014): 137-148. https://doi.org/10.7225/toms.v03.n02.005
Harvard
Dvornik, J., i Dvornik, S. (2014). 'Dual-Fuel-Electric Propulsion Machinery Concept on LNG Carriers', Transactions on Maritime Science, 03(02), str. 137-148. https://doi.org/10.7225/toms.v03.n02.005
Vancouver
Dvornik J, Dvornik S. Dual-Fuel-Electric Propulsion Machinery Concept on LNG Carriers. Transactions on Maritime Science [Internet]. 2014 [pristupljeno 06.12.2019.];03(02):137-148. https://doi.org/10.7225/toms.v03.n02.005
IEEE
J. Dvornik i S. Dvornik, "Dual-Fuel-Electric Propulsion Machinery Concept on LNG Carriers", Transactions on Maritime Science, vol.03, br. 02, str. 137-148, 2014. [Online]. https://doi.org/10.7225/toms.v03.n02.005

Sažetak
Human eff orts to devise optimum propulsion for their vessels are as old as the vessels themselves. Today these eff orts are even more determined as modern shipping requires propulsion systems that are increasingly reliable, available, cost-effi cient and able to meet high ecological criteria. The heat transfer towards liquefi ed gas stored in tanks results in boil-off during cargo handling or voyage. The rate of the evaporated gas amounts to 0.13% per day during the voyage of a fully loaded ship. Steam turbines have been a dominant form of propulsion on liquefi ed natural gas - LNG carriers for over forty years. Until recently, the possibility of using boil-off gas as fuel for boilers has been the reason for installing steam plants as the only means of propulsion of LNG carriers. However, it has been proved that these plants are not suffi ciently effi cient due to adverse impacts on both emissions and the vessel’s operating expenses. It has also been found out that dual-fuel-electric propulsion is the most eff ective alternative to steam. Shipping companies select electric propulsion primarily because it provides excellent manoeuvrability and increased availability, allows reduction of the machinery space and better arrangement of shipping capacity and, naturally, because of lower fuel costs. This paper discusses the newest technologies and the operation principle of the low-pressure four-stroke dual-fuel diesel engine, specifi cally the 12V50DF and 9L50DF types produced by Wärtsilä company, and the concept of the dual-fuel-electric propulsion for the new generation of LNG carriers.

Ključne riječi
LNG carriers; Boil-off gas; Dual-fuel engine; Electric propulsion

Hrčak ID: 128854

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/128854

Posjeta: 4.428 *