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TWO CRYPTS FROM THE CHURCH OF BISHOP ST. MARTIN IN VARAŽDINSKE TOPLICE

SPOMENKA VLAHOVIĆ   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0001-5338-8633 ; Zavičajni muzej Varaždinske Toplice

Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (14 MB) str. 451-477 preuzimanja: 526* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
VLAHOVIĆ, S. (2014). DVIJE KRIPTE IZ CRKVE SVETOG MARTINA BISKUPA U VARAŽDINSKIM TOPLICAMA. Radovi Zavoda za znanstveni rad Varaždin, (25), 451-477. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/131822
MLA 8th Edition
VLAHOVIĆ, SPOMENKA. "DVIJE KRIPTE IZ CRKVE SVETOG MARTINA BISKUPA U VARAŽDINSKIM TOPLICAMA." Radovi Zavoda za znanstveni rad Varaždin, vol. , br. 25, 2014, str. 451-477. https://hrcak.srce.hr/131822. Citirano 31.10.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
VLAHOVIĆ, SPOMENKA. "DVIJE KRIPTE IZ CRKVE SVETOG MARTINA BISKUPA U VARAŽDINSKIM TOPLICAMA." Radovi Zavoda za znanstveni rad Varaždin , br. 25 (2014): 451-477. https://hrcak.srce.hr/131822
Harvard
VLAHOVIĆ, S. (2014). 'DVIJE KRIPTE IZ CRKVE SVETOG MARTINA BISKUPA U VARAŽDINSKIM TOPLICAMA', Radovi Zavoda za znanstveni rad Varaždin, (25), str. 451-477. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/131822 (Datum pristupa: 31.10.2020.)
Vancouver
VLAHOVIĆ S. DVIJE KRIPTE IZ CRKVE SVETOG MARTINA BISKUPA U VARAŽDINSKIM TOPLICAMA. Radovi Zavoda za znanstveni rad Varaždin [Internet]. 2014 [pristupljeno 31.10.2020.];(25):451-477. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/131822
IEEE
S. VLAHOVIĆ, "DVIJE KRIPTE IZ CRKVE SVETOG MARTINA BISKUPA U VARAŽDINSKIM TOPLICAMA", Radovi Zavoda za znanstveni rad Varaždin, vol., br. 25, str. 451-477, 2014. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/131822. [Citirano: 31.10.2020.]

Sažetak
While carrying out work in 2013 for the renovation of the interior of the Church of
Bishop St. Martin in Varaždinske Toplice, and during the work to dismantle an old stone
slab, valuable archaeological data in part of the main sanctuary and the side-chapel was
discovered. As stated in the title of this work, we present the findings on two crypts from
this church. Since little has been written until now on this topic, and it also represents a
rarity in the professional literature, we are providing the most recent data, which will
probably interest the profession and, we assume, a wider circle of readers.
During the archaeological inspection, it was established that the opened crypt was
built of stone with a beautifully shaped arch and an earthen floor. A high degree of moisture
could be felt in the air, which also had an effect on the condition of the wooden coffins,
sepulchral ornamentations, artistic decorations, etc. that were revealed. It was established
that the coffins in the interior were divided into two groups. One group (on the left
side) was comprised of coffins in which the deceased men and women were lay people,
which can be concluded from the partially preserved clothing, and who were probably
members of the wealthier social class. Based on the degree of preservation of the hair and
the hairstyles it was possible to determine if they were male or female. The second group
was comprised of deceased buried in wooden coffins who were identified as members of
the church based on the preserved clothing (robes). In addition to these groups of coffins,
there is also a partitioned area of the crypt of sufficient size for the burial of one coffin.
We are assuming that Isidor Hochreiter is buried here. Hochreiter was a senior church
official and a canon of the Zagreb metropolitan see who was born on 10 December 1784
and died at “Jaziška Toplica” on 28 August 1858. We corroborated this assumption by the
panel above the tomb that is located above the crypt of the side-chapel of Our Lady of
Sorrows. From the text on the panel we learn that the friars Ambrosius and Bartholomew
had this tomb monument (a relief panel) installed, and from the signature that is legible
on the panel we are assuming that it is the work of Master Hanke of Graz.
In addition to information written in Croatian that is legible on wooden fragments
of the coffins of two women, one can read 1848 and 1859, which leads us to the connection
with the panel above the tomb of Isidor Hochreiter and the year of his death.
The work is analogous to conservation-restoration works being carried out at the
Church of St. Mark in Zagreb and in the Cathedral of St. Theresa of Ávila in Požega. By
this analysis, we succeeded in identifying the many similarities in the archaeological
finds of the three sacral buildings, but we were also able to establish their differences.

Ključne riječi
rypt; method of construction; architectural appearance; archaeological finds (coffins, sepulchral ornamentations, texts and artistic decorations)

Hrčak ID: 131822

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/131822

[hrvatski]

Posjeta: 1.081 *