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Examination of some theoretical explanations of the performance on thematic versions of Wason's selection task

Darko Lončarić

Puni tekst: hrvatski, pdf (443 KB) str. 46-68 preuzimanja: 810* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Lončarić, D. (2004). Provjera nekih teorijskih objašnjenja efekta sadržaja kod Wasonovog zadatka odabira. Psihologijske teme, 13. (1.), 46-68. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/12651
MLA 8th Edition
Lončarić, Darko. "Provjera nekih teorijskih objašnjenja efekta sadržaja kod Wasonovog zadatka odabira." Psihologijske teme, vol. 13., br. 1., 2004, str. 46-68. https://hrcak.srce.hr/12651. Citirano 19.09.2021.
Chicago 17th Edition
Lončarić, Darko. "Provjera nekih teorijskih objašnjenja efekta sadržaja kod Wasonovog zadatka odabira." Psihologijske teme 13., br. 1. (2004): 46-68. https://hrcak.srce.hr/12651
Harvard
Lončarić, D. (2004). 'Provjera nekih teorijskih objašnjenja efekta sadržaja kod Wasonovog zadatka odabira', Psihologijske teme, 13.(1.), str. 46-68. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/12651 (Datum pristupa: 19.09.2021.)
Vancouver
Lončarić D. Provjera nekih teorijskih objašnjenja efekta sadržaja kod Wasonovog zadatka odabira. Psihologijske teme [Internet]. 2004 [pristupljeno 19.09.2021.];13.(1.):46-68. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/12651
IEEE
D. Lončarić, "Provjera nekih teorijskih objašnjenja efekta sadržaja kod Wasonovog zadatka odabira", Psihologijske teme, vol.13., br. 1., str. 46-68, 2004. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/12651. [Citirano: 19.09.2021.]

Sažetak
Numerous explanations of participants performance on thematic versions of Wason's selection task are discussed
in this paper. Goal of this investigation is to compare different predictions of participants performance from the
perspective of two competing theories: Social Contract Theory (Cosmides, 1989; Cosmides & Tooby, 1992) and Task Understending Theory (Liberman i Klar, 1996). Social Contract Theory predicts high rate of logically correct answers (content effect) on selection task only when conditional rule can be represented as social exchange. Task Understanding Theory considers specific elements in textual context of the selection task that can inhibit or facilitate logical reasoning and content effect. In order to test competing predictions of these theories several variations of selection task were constructed in which social exchange, facilitative and inhibitive elements were manipulated. Sample of 125 students (98 female and 27 male) from University of Rijeka participated in this investigation. Results show that, in most cases, only Social Contract Theory can explain students' answers and content effect. Elements proposed by Task Understanding Theory fail to produce substantial content effect and have minimal influence on subjects' performance on the selection task.

Ključne riječi
Wason's selection task; Logic; Deductive reasoning

Hrčak ID: 12651

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/12651

[hrvatski]

Posjeta: 1.297 *