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Metal Transport by Organic Carbon in the Amazon Basin

Jean-Yves Benaïm ; Laboratoire de Recherche en Chimie Marine des Organométalliques Université de Toulon et du Var, B.P. 132, 83957 La Garde cedex, France
Stéphane Mounier ; Laboratoire de Recherche en Chimie Marine des Organométalliques Université de Toulon et du Var, B.P. 132, 83957 La Garde cedex, France

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (130 KB) str. 405-419 preuzimanja: 145* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Benaïm, J. i Mounier, S. (1998). Metal Transport by Organic Carbon in the Amazon Basin. Croatica Chemica Acta, 71 (2), 405-419. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/132354
MLA 8th Edition
Benaïm, Jean-Yves i Stéphane Mounier. "Metal Transport by Organic Carbon in the Amazon Basin." Croatica Chemica Acta, vol. 71, br. 2, 1998, str. 405-419. https://hrcak.srce.hr/132354. Citirano 30.09.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Benaïm, Jean-Yves i Stéphane Mounier. "Metal Transport by Organic Carbon in the Amazon Basin." Croatica Chemica Acta 71, br. 2 (1998): 405-419. https://hrcak.srce.hr/132354
Harvard
Benaïm, J., i Mounier, S. (1998). 'Metal Transport by Organic Carbon in the Amazon Basin', Croatica Chemica Acta, 71(2), str. 405-419. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/132354 (Datum pristupa: 30.09.2020.)
Vancouver
Benaïm J, Mounier S. Metal Transport by Organic Carbon in the Amazon Basin. Croatica Chemica Acta [Internet]. 1998 [pristupljeno 30.09.2020.];71(2):405-419. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/132354
IEEE
J. Benaïm i S. Mounier, "Metal Transport by Organic Carbon in the Amazon Basin", Croatica Chemica Acta, vol.71, br. 2, str. 405-419, 1998. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/132354. [Citirano: 30.09.2020.]

Sažetak
The Amazon basin is the largest river catchment area in the world. It contributes about 20% of the world's fluvial hydrological input. Samplings were done during low water levels (March 1995) on one tributary of the Amazon, the Rio Negro. Sequential tangential ultrafiltration (STUF) was used to separate total organic matter. The cut-off values were at 0.22 μm, 100 kD and 5 kD, while the organic pool separations were done for particulate, colloidal and dissolved material. Total organic carbon (TOC) fraction-size analysis was done for each group. Copper complexing capacity measurements were done by fluorescence quenching. Fluorescence intensities were measured on site. The results show that particulate and colloidal organic carbon are the predominant TOC forms in the black water river. In the case of the white water river, the dissolved fraction is the predominant organic carbon form. The complexing capacity for the Rio Negro waters is supported by the dissolved molecules, with some contribution from the particulate and dissolved fractions. Similar behaviour was observed for the white river water. The correlation observed between TOC and the fluorescence intensity shows an apparent quantum yield varying between 43 and 104 mKalle/ppm of carbon for the contribution of black waters to the total organic carbon. (1 Kalle = 0.1 mg of quinine sulphate per litre of 5 mM H2SO4.) Electromobility of the organic material is about 1 μS cm-1 per ppm of carbon. In mixing area studies, association of STUF with fluorescence intensity measurements provide relevant information for understanding the phenomena occurring in these areas.

Hrčak ID: 132354

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/132354

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