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MUMMIFICATION IN THE ANCIENT AND NEW WORLD

Ana Maria Rosso   ORCID icon orcid.org/0000-0002-0032-262X ; University of Buenos Aires, Argentina

Puni tekst: engleski, pdf (2 MB) str. 329-370 preuzimanja: 649* citiraj
APA 6th Edition
Rosso, A.M. (2014). MUMMIFICATION IN THE ANCIENT AND NEW WORLD. Acta medico-historica Adriatica, 12 (2), 329-370. Preuzeto s https://hrcak.srce.hr/134988
MLA 8th Edition
Rosso, Ana Maria. "MUMMIFICATION IN THE ANCIENT AND NEW WORLD." Acta medico-historica Adriatica, vol. 12, br. 2, 2014, str. 329-370. https://hrcak.srce.hr/134988. Citirano 25.01.2020.
Chicago 17th Edition
Rosso, Ana Maria. "MUMMIFICATION IN THE ANCIENT AND NEW WORLD." Acta medico-historica Adriatica 12, br. 2 (2014): 329-370. https://hrcak.srce.hr/134988
Harvard
Rosso, A.M. (2014). 'MUMMIFICATION IN THE ANCIENT AND NEW WORLD', Acta medico-historica Adriatica, 12(2), str. 329-370. Preuzeto s: https://hrcak.srce.hr/134988 (Datum pristupa: 25.01.2020.)
Vancouver
Rosso AM. MUMMIFICATION IN THE ANCIENT AND NEW WORLD. Acta medico-historica Adriatica [Internet]. 2014 [pristupljeno 25.01.2020.];12(2):329-370. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/134988
IEEE
A.M. Rosso, "MUMMIFICATION IN THE ANCIENT AND NEW WORLD", Acta medico-historica Adriatica, vol.12, br. 2, str. 329-370, 2014. [Online]. Dostupno na: https://hrcak.srce.hr/134988. [Citirano: 25.01.2020.]

Sažetak
In the Ancient and New World there was a custom to preserve the corpse in a natural and artificial way. Since Paleolithic man believed in an afterlife and even in Mesoamerica and the Andes cultures, care and ceremony were practiced to the burial of the dead in an ancestral cult. Mortuary rituals were developed in Pre-dynastic Egypt (4500-3100 BC) but apparently they had begun before in America, c. 5000 BC. Mummies served for assisting the soul to survive and for preventing the dead from frightening the livings. Incas arrived at a point of perfection in these practices after other Andean cultures but we should not forget their older predecessors, the Chinchorro culture on the arid coast of the Atacama Desert. Different steps in the technique can be distinguished in both worlds: natural desiccation covered by animal skins, methods to protect the body skin and flesh removal, replacement with clay; black, red or mud-coated corpses, evisceration, body cavity treatment, cleansing and anointing the interior, brain removal, mummified bodies, corpses covered with natron, before being washed and bandaged or wrapped. It will be necessary to carefully check dates, techniques and periods in the two zones to establish
exactly the evolution of the methods applied.

Ključne riječi
Mummification; ancient and new world; methods and first intentional technique

Hrčak ID: 134988

URI
https://hrcak.srce.hr/134988

[hrvatski]

Posjeta: 1.054 *